An all-purpose material with an expansive array of uses, tried-and-true wool textiles have been turned to throughout history. With common types that include merino, cashmere, and mohair, wool is a textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals including alpacas, llamas, camels, goats, and more. Utilized for many interior applications—from fabrics and flooring to carpeting, wallcoverings, and more—wool is a versatile, elegant, and enduring material with a host of intrinsic benefits. The information that follows will explore a handful of wool’s advantages.
It is tied to ancient weaving practices
Wool has been washed, woven, and worn since 10,000 BCE. The ancient practice was adapted to modern needs and, over time, science and technology allowed wool to stay at the forefront of fabrics.
It is a renewable resource
Wool can be reprocessed and recycled. Sheared sheep and other animals will regrow their coats, allowing wool to assert itself as a renewable resource that is also completely biodegradable. It breaks down slowly and is water retentive.
It absorbs and wicks moisture
Wool absorbs a small amount of liquid into the core of its fibers, and also wicks moisture out through small openings within the fabric, resulting in a surface that remains dry to the touch. And since wool doesn’t hold moisture, it also has antibacterial properties.
It is inherently resistant to fire
Wool is naturally flame-resistant. With a high natural ignition point of approximately 1,382 degrees Fahrenheit, it does not ignite easily and burns with a self-extinguishing flame. And unlike nylon and polyester, wool does not drip or melt when it does catch fire.
It is often used for acoustic purposes
Wool absorbs sounds and can significantly improve the acoustic performance of interior spaces as it dampens any impact noise in a room. Because of its acoustical properties, wool is also used inside of pianos, as well as in certain sound systems and speakers.