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Results for "wood"
  • A Primer on Take-Back Programs

    Photography Courtesy of Shutterstock In 2015, the United States construction and demolition industry generated 169 million tons of debris from buildings, more than half of which ended up in landfills. That’s 169 million tons of concrete, wood, wallboard, shingles, brick and clay tiles, and steel that could be reused or…

  • Elements of Victorian Style

    Photography Courtesy of Shuang Li/Shutterstock A style of decorative arts, interior design, architecture that emerged in the United Kingdom during the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 1837 through 1901, the Victorian aesthetic is characterized by both ornamentation and orderliness. Encompassing a broad selection of designs that surfaced during the…

  • Characteristics of Mediterranean Style

    When looked at individually, the nearly two dozen countries in Europe, Africa, and Asia that surround the Mediterranean Sea have wildly different design histories and aesthetics. However, as Mediterranean style began to gain popularity in North America from 1918 to 1940, designers and architects pulled inspiration from elements that were…

  • A Primer on Cleanability for High-Touch Surfaces

    Photography Courtesy of United FabricsExplore Materials and Sample Before 2020, only specialists needed to know the ins and outs of cleaning and disinfecting surfaces. Now it is more important than ever before. The surfaces that we touch frequently in indoor spaces can harbor harmful microbes and toxins, turning them into…

  • An Overview of the Arts and Crafts Movement

    Larkspur by William Morris (1834-1896). Photography Courtesy of The Met Museum/Shutterstock.com The Arts and Crafts movement is a historical style of design that began in the United Kingdom around the 1860s before expanding into the United States around 1890. Based on the philosophies of A.W.N. Pugin and John Ruskin, the…

  • A Comparison Between Declarations and Certifications

    When designers and other building professionals page through materials for project specifications, there’s a lot of information to sort through. In particular, information about a product’s sustainability and health effects can be easily misinterpreted amongst a wide agglomeration of labels, certifications, and declarations. How should designers parse through this information…

  • An Exploration of Embodied Carbon

    Carbon is often referenced in relation to climate change—it’s a buzzword that appears on news alerts about rising temperatures, carbon taxes, and energy plans. Carbon has come to be shorthand for carbon dioxide (CO2), a colorless, odorless gas that is released into the atmosphere when we burn fossil fuels like…

  • Types of Timber: A Comparison Between Hardwood and Softwood

    Diverse design projects often demand different types of timber. An awareness of the distinctions between various species can help to determine material selections that will best suit certain design needs. While it is well-understood that wood is often classified into two categories—hardwood and softwood—the driving differences between these two classifications…

  • A Brief History of Bentwood Furniture

    Photography Courtesy of Thonet A pioneering design that transformed interiors and revolutionized industrial production processes, bentwood furniture features an iconic appeal that has transcended time. Its sleek and sinuous forms are fashioned from a centuries-old technique rooted in steam-bent, laminated woodwork. As a formative feature in the history of furniture…

  • Janka Scale Standards for Wood Species

    When looking for lumber that will last underfoot, qualities such as durability, dimensional stability, and hardness are highly desirable. Since wood varies in hardness from species to species, a successful flooring selection should be determined by more than just a simple hardwood designation. The Janka hardness scale serves to quantify…

  • Going with the Grain: Plain Sawn, Quarter Sawn, and Rift Sawn Lumber

    Wood elements can enliven any interior, adding natural texture and depth with a rustic and raw appeal. When looking for lumber that will best suit a certain space, an important consideration to keep in mind is the way the wood is cut. Milling methods can contribute to cost, durability, and…

  • Sustainable Standards: Unpacking FSC Certification

    Mountain Road Twists Through Dark Timber Pine Trees. Road in healthy green lush pine forest. Converted from 14-bit RAW file. ProPhoto RGB color space. Setting standards to safeguard the world’s forests for future generations, the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international non-profit organization that that promotes responsibly managed forestry…