Italian architect and designer Giovanni Ponti is widely thought to be one of the major influences of the 20th century. His most famous works include the Superleggera chair, the Littoria Tower, the Pirelli Tower in Milan, and the Denver Art Museum. Ponti’s style and influence lives on in the architecture and design magazine Domus, which he founded in 1928 and edited from 1928 to 1940, and then again from 1948 until his death in 1979. The information that follows explores Ponti’s foundational works, holistic design approach, and enduring legacy.
Born in Milan in 1891, Ponti graduated from the Polytechnic of Milan with a degree in architecture. He would return to his alma mater as a professor from 1936 to 1961. In 1923, he opened a studio with Emilio Lancia and Mino Fiocchi, although Fiocchi left the partnership in 1927. Soon after he and Lancia rebranded as Studio Ponti e Lancia PL., Ponti founded Domus in 1928 with Gianni Mazzochi, which he would edit for a majority of his life. From 1933 to 1945, he partnered with Antonio Fornaroli and Eugenio Soncini, collaborating on works such as the Montecatini Palace and the Littoria Tower. Additionally, he supported world-renowned exhibitions, organizing exhibits at the Monza Biennial, which is now known as the Milan Triennial.
Using these works as the foundation of his career, Ponti’s reputation allowed him to expand his architectural feats throughout his career, particularly during the post-World War II economic boom, which is thought to have been his heyday. From 1956 to 1960, he partnered with engineer Pier Luigi Nervi and Arturo Danusso to create the Pirelli Tower. At 417 feet high, it was then the tallest building in Europe. In total, Ponti was involved in the design and construction of over 100 buildings across the world, including Venezuela, Sweden, Iraq, Brazil, and the United States.
Holistic Design Approach
Viewing design and architecture as a holistic endeavor, Ponti’s works spanned beyond the architectural design of his projects. Many of his works incorporated his designs for furniture, lighting, and even ceramic, glass, and silver accents. Originally influenced by the Milanese neoclassical Novecento Italiano movement, he began to sway towards an exuberant style of Modernism in the 1930s. Blending the clean lines of Modernism with bright colors and joyful accents, Ponti’s fusion of aesthetics echoed his beliefs that everyone should use design to enjoy life to the fullest. Even his most Modernist work, the Superleggera (which translates to “super light”) chair blended craft with contemporary machine-made parts and was playfully advertised through the image of children holding the chair up with one finger. It is his holistic design ideology, and the blending of craft and machine-made, Modernism and bold colors, patterns, and accents, that continue to influence designers.
Today, Ponti’s work is considered fundamental to the establishment of the Italian identity within the design and architecture industries, and its worldwide acceptance. In 2018, a retrospective of his work was exhibited at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs in Paris to international acclaim. Of his work, Simon Andrews, international specialist at Christie’s, told BBC, “Ponti’s versatile, inspirational career was fundamental to the establishment of the Italian identity in modern architecture and design. Active across all media throughout his career, Ponti revealed an individuality that defined the aesthetics of the moment. Through his editorship of Domus and support of the triennial exhibitions, Ponti supported the communication of the Italian design identity to an appreciative international audience.” Pieces within Ponti’s furniture portfolio continue to be manufactured and sold by Molteni & C.