Terms A-Z

Found 529 Results

3M Scotchguard

3M Scotchguard is an applied stain and water repellent spray that cleans, protects, and polishes a wide variety of furniture and materials. These include carpets, fabrics such as drapery and upholstery, leathers such as nubuck and suede, granite and marble for kitchen surfaces, and vinyl for car interiors.

Abrasive (Sand) Blasting

Abrasive (sand) blasting is the process of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth or polish a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface, or remove surface impurities. It consists of pressurized fluid, typically compressed air, that is used to propel a high-velocity stream of blasting material,…

Abstract

Abstract refers to artworks and designs that do not intend to represent physical realities. Rather, abstraction relies on form, composition, line, color, texture, and gesture to create imagery that either simplifies or repudiates visual reality. Abstraction as an idea was born in the 19th century as artists sought to develop…

Accordion Pleat

An accordion pleat is a drapery header type in which the fabric is formed into the shape of a sharp ‘Z’. The shape can be made by sewing the top of the fabric together and pressing, or it can be done with the use of hardware and pressing. An accordion…

Acetate

Acetate is a manufactured cellulose fiber made from wood pulp through a dry spinning process. It can be manufactured as a staple fiber and filament yarn. Acetate staple fiber is commonly used as cigarette filters, while acetate filament yarn is often weaved into satin fabric, which is breathable and soft…

Acrylic

Acrylic fiber is a synthetic fiber made from polyacrylonitrile that was first developed by Dupont in the 1940s and trademarked under the name Orlon. Acrylic fiber is lightweight, durable, and can be extruded in both staple and filament form through wet and dry spinning process. Acrylic fiber staples can be…

Agion

Agion is a proprietary antimicrobial and odor control textile finish developed by Sciessent. With silver and copper ion technology, Agion is designed to decrease microbes and inhabits bacteria growth. Agion can be applied on textile via padding, exhaust, or package yarn and can also be used in apparel, water filtration…

Aldehyde Tanning

Aldehyde tanning is a process that uses a combination of glutaraldehyde or oxazolidine that reacts with the hide protein to prevent putrefaction. It is typically used when chrome-free leather is specified. The hide is a cream or white color in its raw state and is often referred to as “wet-white”…

Alta

Alta is a water-based finish developed by Applied Textile that can be engineered according to application and environments. It is used to resist water-based and oil-based stains from penetrating into the product. With precision-engineering, Alta can be used on a wide range of residential or commercial environments including residential, hospitality,…

Aluminum

Aluminum is a silvery-white metal that is often referred to as the “miracle metal,” as it is light and non-ferrous, which is why it will not rust or corrode. It also has a variety of end applications, including decorative ceiling tiles, countertops, decorative metal sheets, partitions, woven metal screens, backsplashes,…

American National Safety Institute (ANSI)

The American National Safety Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit membership organization that manages and regulates the development of voluntary safety standards for products and systems in the United States. Founded in 1918, ANSI and its members have laid the groundwork for national standardization and assessment frameworks in industries encompassing…

Aniline Dyed

A transparent liquid that is absorbed by leather, aniline dye is used in a tanning method in which the leather does not receive any coating of pigmented finish. This results in a porous, smooth surface that clearly displays the texture of the animal hide, giving it a natural look. Often…

Animal Print

Animal print is a motif that depicts the fur or skin of an animal. First prevalent in 1940s fashion as an inexpensive substitute for actual pelts, the treatment was ultimately embraced by interior designers, primarily for use in fabric but also embossed leather, flooring, surfaces, and wallcoverings. The most recognizable…

Antron Legacy

Antron Legacy is Invista’s proprietary brand of high-performance carpet fiber made of white dyeable Type 6,6 nylon. Created from hollow bulk continuous filament (BCF), the dense molecular structure and stronger hydrogen bonds of the Type 6,6 nylon make Antron Legacy fibers more stain, soil, and heat resistant compared to the…

Antron Lumena DNA

Antron Lumena DNA is Invista’s proprietary brand of high-performance carpet fiber made of solution-dyed Type 6,6 nylon. Antron Lumena DNA offers permanent built-in protection against soil and stains. The solution-dyed fiber—where pigment is added during the extrusion process—provides fade resistant color, while the fiber’s hollow cross-section helps the yarn hide…

Argyle

Argyle is a geometric, crisscross pattern of both intercrossing diagonal lines and repeating solid diamonds. Usually the pattern is composed of outlines that overlap varicolored diamonds, with the corners of the outlines meeting at the center of solid diamonds. Adapted from the tartan plaids of 17th-century Scotland, argyle was favored…

Ashlar

Ashlar is a type of carpet and modular flooring layout in which tiles are installed in the same direction but are vertically staggered by half of a tile’s length between columns.

Association for Contract Textiles (ACT)

The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a not-for-profit trade association that represents corporations and individuals that design, produce, sell, and use textiles for commercial interiors. Founded in 1985, the organization has four membership categories: Principals members or textile wholesalers to the interior design industry Associate members or manufacturers of…

ASTM C1027 Abrasion Resistance

ASTM C1027 Visual Abrasion Resistance of Glazed Ceramic Tile The ASTM C1027 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures abrasion resistance of the surface of glazed ceramic tiles. The scope of testing involves abrading the surface of a tile specimen by…

ASTM C1243 Abrasion Resistance

ASTM C1243 Resistance to Deep Abrasive Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by Rotating Disc The ASTM C1243 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the potential resistance to wear of unglazed ceramic tiles for floor applications. This test is one of…

ASTM C241 Abrasion Resistance

The ASTM C241 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the potential resistance to wear caused by foot traffic for stones of all types including granite, limestone, marble, and sandstone. This test is used when assessing the potential durability and suitability…

ASTM C501 Abrasion Resistance

ASTM C501 Resistance to Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by the Taber Abraser The ASTM C501 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the potential resistance to wear of unglazed ceramic tiles using a taber abraser. The scope of testing involves…

ASTM D2486 Abrasion Resistance

ASTM D2486 Scrub Resistance of Wall Paints The ASTM D2486 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the resistance of paints to erosion caused by scrubbing. This test is used when assessing the potential durability of wall paint that is frequently…

ASTM D2859 Methenamine Pill Flammability

The ASTM D2859 Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the ignitability of the surface of carpet in broadloom, modular, or area rug formats. This test method is referred to as the “Methenamine Pill Test”…

ASTM D3389 Taber Abrasion Resistance

ASTM D3389 Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader) The ASTM D3389 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a coated fabric’s ability to withstand abrasion using the rotary platform abrader method. Abrasion resistance testing is one of several components used when…

ASTM D3884 Taber Abrasion Resistance

The ASTM D3884 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a coated fabric’s ability to withstand abrasion using the rotary platform method with two abraders. Abrasion resistance testing is one of several components used when assessing the durability and potential lifespan of…

ASTM D4060 Taber Abrasion Resistance

The ASTM D4060 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the abrasion resistance of coatings applied to a rigid surface, such as paints, varnishes, stains, and other coatings. The scope of testing involves mounting a test specimen flatly on a turntable-style platform….

ASTM D4157 Wyzenbeek Abrasion Resistance

ASTM D4157 Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method) The ASTM D4157 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a textile’s ability to withstand abrasion using the oscillatory cylinder method. Named after the inventor of the testing machine, this test…

ASTM D4966 Martindale Abrasion Resistance

The ASTM D4966 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a textile’s ability to withstand abrasion using the Martindale method. Named after the inventor of the testing machine, this test method is often referred to as the Martindale abrasion test. Abrasion…