Terms

Results for "carpet"

3M Scotchguard

Explore Materials and Sample 3M Scotchguard is an applied stain and water repellent spray that cleans, protects, and polishes a wide variety of furniture and materials. These include carpets, fabrics such as drapery and upholstery, leathers such as nubuck and suede, granite and marble for kitchen surfaces, and vinyl for…

Acrylic

Explore Materials and Sample Acrylic fiber is a synthetic fiber made from polyacrylonitrile that was first developed by Dupont in the 1940s and trademarked under the name Orlon. Acrylic fiber is lightweight, durable, and can be extruded in both staple and filament form through wet and dry spinning process. Acrylic…

American National Safety Institute (ANSI)

The American National Safety Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit membership organization that manages and regulates the development of voluntary safety standards for products and systems in the United States. Founded in 1918, ANSI and its members have laid the groundwork for national standardization and assessment frameworks in industries encompassing…

Antron Legacy

Explore Materials and Sample Antron Legacy is Invista’s proprietary brand of high-performance carpet fiber made of white dyeable Type 6,6 nylon. Created from hollow bulk continuous filament (BCF), the dense molecular structure and stronger hydrogen bonds of the Type 6,6 nylon make Antron Legacy fibers more stain, soil, and heat…

Antron Lumena DNA

Explore Materials and Sample Antron Lumena DNA is Invista’s proprietary brand of high-performance carpet fiber made of solution-dyed Type 6,6 nylon. Antron Lumena DNA offers permanent built-in protection against soil and stains. The solution-dyed fiber—where pigment is added during the extrusion process—provides fade resistant color, while the fiber’s hollow cross-section…

Ashlar

Ashlar is a type of carpet and modular flooring layout in which tiles are installed in the same direction but are vertically staggered by half of a tile’s length between columns.…

ASTM D2859 Methenamine Pill Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM D2859 Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the ignitability of the surface of carpet in broadloom, modular, or area rug formats. This test method is referred to as…

ASTM D5252 Wear Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM D5252 Operation of the Hexapod Tumble Drum Tester The ASTM D5252 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a carpet’s surface appearance retention using the hexapod tumble drum. This test is one of several components used…

ASTM E648 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM E648 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the fire resistance of interior floor coverings that are exposed to a flaming ignition source in a graded radiant heat energy test chamber. This test simulates a scenario…

ASTM E662 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM E662 Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the visual density of smoke generated by a burning or smoldering material. Results obtained from this test are used…

ASTM E84 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM E84 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials The ASTM E84 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the burning properties, or fire resistance, of building materials that may be exposed to flames using the Steiner tunnel chamber…

Beck Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample Beck Dyed is a method used to dye large batches of greige goods—usually in rope form—in large becks, vats, or steel tanks. Greige goods are moved in a circular motion in and out of an aqueous dyebath to help provide color uniformity. Although typically used for…

Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the breakdown or decomposition of materials by microorganisms. It refers to the processes that transform materials into less complex compounds that can be used and reused by living systems. Biodegradation is used for waste management and environmental remediation, also known as bioremediation. It is an important process that…

Bleach Cleanable

Explore Materials and Sample Bleach cleanable is a common cleaning instruction for textiles. It usually comes with detailed dilution instructions as well as the applicable bleach type. There are two different types of bleach: chlorine bleach and oxygen bleach or non-chlorine bleach. Chlorine bleach can disinfect, oxidize, and deodorize textiles,…

Botanical

Explore Materials and Sample Botanical is a motif depicting precise illustrations of plants that occasionally includes representations of flowers in bloom, leaves, or stems. As a favored subject in formal framed art, the imagery has also become a widespread design in printed textiles. Photography Courtesy of James Dunlop Textiles…

Braided

Explore Materials and Sample Braiding is a technique that interlaces a minimum of three threads or strips diagonally across to form a narrow band that can be flat or tubular. Braids are most frequently used for trimmings and can also be sewn together to form a larger surface, such as…

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, or BREEAM, was the world’s first widely used green building certification system. Developed in the 1990s in the UK by Building Research Establishment (BRE), today BREEAM is used in over 80 countries.1 BREAAM certification demonstrates a building project’s sustainability and its commitment to protecting…

Brick Ashlar

Brick ashlar refers to a type of carpet and modular flooring layout in which tiles are placed in the same direction but horizontally staggered by half of the width of a tile on the next row, creating a pattern that evokes the look of brick installations.…

Broadloom

Explore Materials and Sample Broadloom refers to carpets available in standard wide widths greater than six feet. Broadloom carpet is sold as a roll and is meant for wall-to-wall installation but can be cut down and edge finished by some manufacturers to create area rugs. Photography Courtesy of Mohawk Group…

California Prop 65 List

The California Prop 65 List is a public index of naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals that are known to cause cancer and reproductive harm. This list was established by Proposition 65—a law officially known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986—to inform Californians about potential exposure…

Carved Rug

Explore Materials and Sample Carved rug refers to carpets and rugs whose pile has been cut to varying levels. Using special tools, the carpets and rugs are carved—with grooves or “valleys” that are cut into the pile—to create patterns with three-dimensional effects. This technique is typically used for high-end rugs.…

CDPH/CHPS 01350

Explore Materials and Sample CDPH (California Department of Public Health) / CHPS (Certified in Healthcare Privacy and Security) Section 01350 is a United States standard that addresses the human health and environmental impacts of building materials used by the architecture and design community. Also known as the Standard Method for…

Certification

A certification provides third-party confirmation that a product, project, process, or system fulfills the requirements of a given standard. Certification programs vary in method or philosophy. They can be divided into multi-attribute and single-attribute programs. A single-attribute certification focuses on just one factor, like water use, energy use, or chemical…

Chevron

Explore Materials and Sample Chevron is a repeating pattern of a continuous V- and inverted V-shaped lines without interruption, resulting in a zig-zag-like appearance. Composed of at least one color, this pattern is often used in the design of flooring and walls, as well as textiles. Photography Courtesy of Walker…

Circular Economy

The Circular Economy is a framework that aims to reduce environmental impacts and generate economic growth by eliminating waste and reusing resources. This model is an alternative to the traditional linear economic system, which presumes the existence and accessibility of unlimited natural resources, and in which a product’s life cycle…

ColorStrand

Explore Materials and Sample ColorStrand is a proprietary brand of solution-dyed type 6 nylon with pre-consumer recycled content that is manufactured by Mohawk Group. Produced for Mohawk’s line of commercial carpets, ColorStrand resists fading from light, ozone, and harsh chemicals and is several times more colorfast than traditionally dyed nylon.…

Compliance

In the building industry, compliance means acting in adherence to a set of regulations, standards, or codes. It indicates that a product, project, or process fulfills all official requirements. Designers, manufacturers, and other professionals may need to demonstrate compliance to internal management, regulators, the government, customers, or independent third parties.…

Continuous Dyed

Continuous dyed is a method used to dye large quantities of yarn, textiles, or carpet on a continuous production line. Unlike piece dyeing in batches, continuous dyeing involves moving the goods through the dye application, dye fixation, washing, and sometimes finishing stages without interruption.…

Cradle to Cradle

Explore Materials and Sample Cradle to Cradle (C2C) is a product standard administered by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII) to incentivize environmentally and socially responsible manufacturing practices. Based on the principles outlined in their 2002 book, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, authors William…

Cradle to Cradle Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL)

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL) is a register of the chemicals that are banned from use in Cradle to Cradle Certified products above certain thresholds. These substances have been found to be harmful or toxic to the environment and human health.1 The RSL was…

Cradle to Cradle Material Health Certificate

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Material Health Certificate recognizes products that avoid the use of harmful chemicals or toxic materials, in accordance with Cradle to Cradle’s Certified Product Standard. The C2C product standard is administered by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII) to incentivize environmentally and socially responsible…

CRI Green Label Plus Indoor Air Quality

Explore Materials and Sample Green Label Plus is a program created by the Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) to set standards for VOC emissions from carpets, cushions, and adhesives, and provide resources for consumers related to indoor air quality. It is a voluntary initiative that parallels testing emissions protocols used…

Cross Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample Cross dyed is a method used to produce multicolor effects in yarns, textiles, or carpets made from more than one kind of fiber. The desired material can be dipped into a single dyebath and obtain varying color effects based on each fiber’s dye affinities. This method…

Cut and Loop Pile

Explore Materials and Sample Cut & loop pile is a type of carpet that is constructed of a combination of cut ends and looped yarns. The mix of cut and uncut loops—in either uniform or varying heights—allows carpets to be created with a variety of surface designs, textures, and patterns,…

Cut Pile

Explore Materials and Sample Cut pile is a type of carpet constructed of loop yarns that have been cut in half or sheared. Common cut pile styles include Saxony, with well-defined piles that stand straight up; frieze, featuring fibers that are highly twisted to enable the material to curl in…

Declaration

A declaration is a report that provides quantified, transparent information about a product’s environmental performance and material ingredients. It can be used by building industry professionals to facilitate comparison with similar products and to help manufacturers qualify for transparency credits in green building rating systems. Declarations can be published as…

Declare Label

Explore Materials and Sample The Declare Label is a transparency initiative by the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) through which industrial manufacturers can opt to disclose their product ingredients. Declare Labels share a product’s key compositional and logistical information with specifiers and consumers, including its manufacturer, assembly location, life expectancy,…

Declared

Explore Materials and Sample Declared refers to a declaration status indicating that a product has disclosed 100 percent of its ingredients present at or above 100ppm (0.01%), while also containing one or more Red List chemicals not listed as an existing exception. It is one of three declaration possibilities—along with…

Digital Dye Injection

Explore Materials and Sample Digital dye injection is a method where dye is injected onto the face of carpet with a series of small jets. The dye penetrates directly into the fiber and is chemically bonded to it. This process is used to create accurate, high-definition patterns and color gradations…

Distressed

Explore Materials and Sample Distressed refers to a material that has simulated marks of age and wear or has been purposely blemished so as to give the appearance of long, steady use. It can be applied to wood, metal, textile, glass, and stone through many methods such as hammering, denting,…

Dot

Explore Materials and Sample A dotted motif refers to a type of geometric pattern consisting of round, solid, and filled-in spots. The pattern can be random or repeated. Photography Courtesy of Designtex…

Duracolor

Explore Materials and Sample Duracolor is a proprietary brand of high-performance stain resistant carpet fiber made of type 6 nylon that is manufactured by Mohawk Group. Produced for Mohawk’s line of commercial carpets, Duracolor fibers are fade-resistant and colorfast with a molecular structure that makes them inherently and permanently stain-resistant.…

Dye Lot

A dye lot is a record attributed to all yarn or yardage in a specific dye bath. Yarns and pieces from the same dye lot are understood to have the same coloration and considered to be a match when used throughout a space. Even with consistent dye formulas between dye…

ECONYL by Aquafil

Explore Materials and Sample ECONYL is Aquafil’s proprietary brand of regenerated bulked continuous filament (BCF) type 6 nylon. It is produced from pre-consumer and post-consumer nylon content recovered from fishing nets, textiles, and carpet. The depolymerization and purification process used to create ECONYL yarn is a closed loop system, which…

Environmental Justice

Environmental Justice is the equitable distribution of environmental burdens and benefits, and of meaningful participation in environmental decision-making. This means that all people have the right to equal protection from environmental and health hazards, and the right to live, work, play, worship, or learn in safe, healthy communities.1 The US…

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

Explore Materials and Sample An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a registered document that provides information about the environmental impact of a product across its life cycle. Unlike a label or certificate, an EPD is not an endorsement of a product’s environmental impact or its compliance with environmental standards. Rather,…

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human health and the environment. It was established in 1970 to ensure that all Americans have access to clean air, land, and water, and that related federal laws are administered and…

EPA Chemicals of Concern

EPA Chemicals of Concern is a list compiled by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) containing chemical substances found to be harmful or toxic to human health and the environment. This list was published in accordance with a 2016 amendment to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which requires…

EverStrand

Explore Materials and Sample EverStrand is a proprietary brand of carpet fiber made of post-consumer recycled PET polyester that is manufactured by Mohawk Group. Produced for Mohawk’s line of residential carpets, EverStrand is made from 100-percent recycled plastic bottles. The plastic bottles are recycled into PET chips and then extruded…

Fiberglass

Explore Materials and Sample Fiberglass is a filament fiber produced with glass. The glass is melted and extruded through fine holes. Fiberglass is lightweight and is often combined with other resins or plastics to increase its strength. It is also resistant to chemicals, light, and heat. Fiberglass is often used…

Floral

Explore Materials and Sample Floral refers to a motif that incorporates figurative elements of flowers such as blossoms and leaves. These can be arranged in an organic or geometric manner, and the pattern can be realistic or abstracted. Broader interpretations of the term floral may include any type of botanical…

FMVSS 302

Explore Materials and Sample The FMVSS 302 test is a standard of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) for evaluating flammability of materials as conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, a faction of the U.S. Department of Transportation). Results obtained from this test are used by…

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a volatile organic chemical (VOC) used as a preservative, disinfectant, and binding agent in the building industry.1 ­It has been designated as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization and California’s Proposition 65, and a Hazardous Air Pollutant by the US Environmental Protection Agency. It is a key…

Gauge

Gauge refers to the number of surface pile yarns in one inch measured along the width of a tufted carpet. It is determined by the spacing and number of needles per inch on the tufting machine and is expressed as a fraction. A carpet with 1/8 gauge means that there…

Global Warming Potential

The Global Warming Potential (GWP) is a unit of measurement developed to compare the atmospheric global warming impacts of gases. It tells us how long a gas remains in the atmosphere, and how much energy it absorbs over a given time period, relative to 1 ton of carbon dioxide (CO2).…

GSA Approved

Explore Materials and Sample GSA permitted refers products approved by the United States General Service Administration (GSA) that can be sold to the government. The GSA acts as the purchasing department for the US Government and lists contracts and schedules that vendors can bid on. It also verifies potential government…

Hand Tufted

Explore Materials and Sample Hand tufted refers to a method of constructing carpet in which yarn is inserted or tufted into the carpet’s primary backing using a handheld tufting gun. After the yarns have been hand tufted onto the primary backing, a secondary latex adhesive backing is applied to provide…

Harlequin

Harlequin refers to a geometric pattern of contrasting diamonds or elongated squares. The shapes are typically presented in a variety of different, bright colors.…

Hawaiian

Explore Materials and Sample Hawaiian refers to a motif that symbolizes cultural patterns inspired from Hawaii. These motifs usually reflect the island’s nature and include imagery of flowers, the ocean, and pineapples.…

Health Product Declaration (HPD)

Explore Materials and Sample A Health Product Declaration (HPD) is a standardized report that is used to disclose the contents of building materials, as well as their possible human health effects and hazards. HPDs are overseen by the Health Product Declaration Collaborative (HPDC), a non-profit organization with members from across…

Heathered Hues

Heathered Hues is a proprietary high-performance color yarn system that is manufactured by Mohawk Group. Produced for Mohawk’s line of commercial carpets, Heathered Hues is made of solution-dyed tri-colored nylon yarn with a variegated surface texture that mimics the natural, heathered appearance of wool. The yarn has a low impact…

Heavy Metals

Heavy metals are naturally occurring elements with high densities relative to water, which are toxic at low concentrations.1 They are part of an ill-defined subset of elements with metallic properties, usually categorized as metals or metalloids.2 In trace amounts, many of these elements are necessary to sustain life, but when…

Houndstooth

Explore Materials and Sample Houndstooth is a two-toned textile design consisting of a ground of broken checks, with notched corners resembling the canine teeth for which it was named. Originally popularized during the 1930s in wool-tweed jackets and suits—primarily in combinations of black and white—the pattern has since broadened to…

IIC Rating

IIC, or Impact Insulation Class, is an acoustical rating that measures the sound insulation and transmission of impact noise, such as vibrations or footsteps, on a floor-ceiling assembly. The IIC rating of a floor product is expressed using whole numbers and is based on the entire assembly on which it…

Ikat

Explore Materials and Sample Ikat is an ancient Indonesian motif that emerged from resist-dyeing techniques, in which patterns are created by binding individual yarns with a tight wrapping. The yarns are then dyed and subsequently woven into fabric. Different from tie-dye and batik, in which the resist is applied to…

Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the quality of air in and around buildings, as it affects human health and safety. Pollutants released into indoor air can cause adverse short- and long-term health effects. These effects have a disproportionate impact on at-risk populations like children, the elderly, asthmatics, low-income, minorities,…

International Living Future Institute

The International Living Future Institute (ILFI), established in 2009 by members of the Cascadia Green Building Council, is a non-profit advocating for a socially just, culturally rich, and ecologically restorative society. As the umbrella organization tasked with managing the Living Building Challenge, the Living Product Challenge, the Living Community Challenge,…

ISO 10361 Wear Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample The ISO 10361 Vettermann Drum Test is a standard of the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) that determines the surface appearance retention of textile floor coverings using the hexapod tumbler. This test is one of several components used when assessing the potential performance of carpet products…

Knotted

Explore Materials and Sample Knotted refers to the process of interlacing, looping, or twining one or two cords to create a useful or decorative knob. For interior textiles, knotting is used in rug making, specifically oriental rugs. Produced by hand on a specialized loom, knotted rugs involve the weaver inserting…

Latex

Explore Materials and Sample Latex is an emulsion polymer produced from natural or synthetic materials. Natural latex is most commonly made from the soft white substance beneath the bark of a mature rubber tree while synthetic latex is made from petroleum-based chemicals. Both types of latex go through various processes…

LBC Red List Approved (formerly LBC Compliant)

Explore Materials and Sample Living Building Challenge (LBC) Red List Approved is a status indicating that a product is in compliance with the requirements of the LBC Challenge, but that compliance is dependent on one or more exceptions. It is one of three declaration possibilities (Red List Free and Declared…

LBC Red List Free

Explore Materials and Sample Living Building Challenge (LBC) Red List Free is a status indicating that a product contains none of the harmful chemicals listed on the Red List. It is one of three declaration possibilities—Red List Approved and Declared are the other two—on the International Living Future Institute’s (ILFI)…

LEED

Explore Materials and Sample Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a third-party certification system and global standard for green buildings and communities. Developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), LEED is the world’s most widely used green building rating system. It provides the tools for building industry…

Life Cycle Assessment

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a standardized set of procedures used to quantify the inputs, outputs, and potential environmental impacts of products or systems across their entire life cycle. LCAs promote the redesign and responsible design of products and processes to reduce harm to the environment.1 The life cycle is…

Loop Pile

Explore Materials and Sample Loop pile is a type of carpet that is constructed of uncut loop yarns. Some variations of loop pile carpet include level loop – featuring loops of uniform height – and multi-level loop, featuring loops of varying heights that create pattern and dimensional effects.…

Low-Emitting

Explore Materials and Sample Low-emitting or low volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are reduced concentrations of chemical contaminants in manufactured goods that, at significant levels, can be harmful to human health and the environment. VOC emissions can be released from household products like paints, solvents, carpets, wood composites, and cleaning products,…

Mindful Materials

Explore Materials and Sample Mindful MATERIALS (mM) is a free online aggregator of sustainability information for design professionals and manufacturers. It was created in 2014 by HKS, an international architecture firm, as a user-friendly platform that promotes product transparency and optimization information across the industry. The mM L3C is a…

Mindful Materials Label

Explore Materials and Sample The mindful MATERIALS (mM) label is a physical sticker placed on product binders in resource libraries to communicate information about manufacturer transparency and optimization. Labels are designed to facilitate identification of products whose manufacturers disclose information about their impact on human health and the environment. Products…

Modal

Explore Materials and Sample Modal is a manufactured cellulose fiber that was first developed in Japan in 1951. As a fiber in the rayon family, it is known for being stronger and more stable than other types of rayon fiber. Modal is manufactured in a modified solvent spun process that…

Monolithic

Monolithic is a type of carpet and modular flooring layout in which tiles are laid down and installed in the same direction, creating a pattern that resembles the look of broadloom.…

Non-Phthalate Vinyl

Explore Materials and Sample Non-phthalate vinyls are PVC products that do not contain phthalate plasticizers, which can be harmful to human and animal health. Phthalate has long been used to make PVC softer and more pliable, but in response to recent studies about its toxicity, American and European manufacturers of…

NRC Rating

NRC or Noise Reduction Coefficient is an acoustical rating that takes the average measurement of a material’s ability to absorb sound. It is measured on a scale from zero—indicating that no sound is absorbed and is considered reflective—to one, which indicates all sound is absorbed and is considered absorptive. Measurements…

Nylon

Explore Materials and Sample Nylon is a synthetic thermoplastic polyamide fiber that was first developed by Dupont in 1938. It is a performance fiber that can be manufactured in both filament and staple form. There are multiple types of Nylon based on different molecular structure. With its high tensile properties,…

Olefin

Explore Materials and Sample Olefin is a category of performance fiber made from polyolefin. It is one of the most popular synthetic fiber families that includes polypropylene and polyethylene. Olefin can be manufactured in filament yarns with different structures, which can be used as a breathable fiber or for heat…

Ombré

Explore Materials and Sample Ombré refers to a chromatic effect of a color that gradually transitions from light to dark across a single ground. Translated from the French term for “shadow,” ombré is used to describe tonal variations of a single color, though some ombrés feature two or more complementary…

Perkins and Will Precautionary List

The Perkins & Will Precautionary List is a compilation of hazardous chemicals that are used in the building, design, and construction industry. The list was developed by Perkins & Will, an architecture and planning firm whose aim is to provide industry professionals with a tool to analyze the health and…

Phthalates

Phthalates are a group of harmful chemicals that are primarily used to soften plastics and vinyls in many consumer and industrial products. Around 90% of phthalates are used as plasticizers to improve the flexibility and durability of plastics and products made of polyvinylchloride (PVC).1 Others are used as solvents and…

Piece Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample Piece dyed is a method used to dye carpet and textiles after they are constructed. The process involves adding color to greige goods in an aqueous dyebath and is generally used to produce single colored materials. Goods can be piece dyed in a discontinuous, such as…

Pile Height

Pile height, also known as pile thickness or tuft height, measures the length of the yarns of a carpet from the top of the primary backing to the tips of the surface yarns. Pile height should not be confused with total thickness, which is a measurement of both the pile…

Pile Weight

Pile weight, also known as face weight or average pile yarn weight, is a measurement of the carpet’s pile per square yard. It is calculated in ounces and only measures the weight of the pile yarns and does not include the carpet’s backing. Pile weight should not be confused with…

Plaid

Explore Materials and Sample Plaid is a fabric pattern featuring horizontal and vertical lines that intersect at 90-degree angles to form variously sized squares or checks in alternating or multiple colors. Common varieties include tartan plaid, originating in the Scottish Highlands of the 1700s; glen plaid, a twill pattern of…

Plasticizer

Plasticizers are additives used with plastics and vinyls to improve their flexibility and resistance. They are typically made of lightweight, volatile molecules that are either non-polymeric materials or polymer impact modifiers. Many plasticizers can also help control viscosity and aid in dispersion of additives like fillers and pigments.1 Phthalates are…

Polyester

Explore Materials and Sample Polyester is a category of synthetic petroleum-based fiber. It is one of the most popular synthetic fiber families that is often referred to as polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Polyester can be manufactured as staple fibers, filament yarns, and mono filament yarns. Polyester is hydrophobic and can only…

Polypropylene

Explore Materials and Sample Polypropylene is a synthetic thermoplastic polyamide. It is a performance fiber that can be manufactured in filament yarn with different structures and can be used as a breathable fiber or for heat retaining. Polypropylene is hydrophobic and lipophilic, which means it can only be solution dyed…

Post-Consumer Recycled

Explore Materials and Sample Post-consumer recycled content is material waste generated after the consumer-use phase of an item’s life cycle that is used to manufacture new products. To claim post-consumer content, manufacturers must disclose the percentage of recycled materials used, according to the item’s total weight. Use of either kind…

Post-Industrial Recycled

Explore Materials and Sample Post-industrial recycled content, also known as pre-consumer recycled content, is material waste generated during mass production that is later used to manufacture new products. Unlike post-consumer recycled content, post-industrial material has been recycled before entering into contact with consumers and being sent to a landfill. In…

Product Life Cycle

A product life cycle is an assessment of resource consumption, performance, and environmental impacts at each phase of an industrial product’s life. It consists of the extraction of raw materials, the processing of those materials, manufacturing, shipping, use, maintenance, and finally disposal or recycling. Life cycle assessment is based on…

Quarter Turn

Quarter turn is a type of carpet and modular flooring layout in which carpet tiles are installed in rows and columns, with each tile rotated 90-degrees—or quarter-turned—from the one before it.…

Rayon

Explore Materials and Sample Rayon is a manufactured cellulose fiber that is made from plant-based materials. In general, rayon is made with a solvent spun process that includes dissolving wood pulp into cellulose solution, metering through a spinneret, and dipping it into an acid bath. Acetate, bamboo, lyocell, modal, and…
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