Terms

Results for "leather"

3M Scotchguard

Explore Materials and Sample 3M Scotchguard is an applied stain and water repellent spray that cleans, protects, and polishes a wide variety of furniture and materials. These include carpets, fabrics such as drapery and upholstery, leathers such as nubuck and suede, granite and marble for kitchen surfaces, and vinyl for…

Aldehyde Tanning

Aldehyde tanning is a process that uses a combination of glutaraldehyde or oxazolidine that reacts with the hide protein to prevent putrefaction. It is typically used when chrome-free leather is specified. The hide is a cream or white color in its raw state and is often referred to as “wet-white”…

American National Safety Institute (ANSI)

The American National Safety Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit membership organization that manages and regulates the development of voluntary safety standards for products and systems in the United States. Founded in 1918, ANSI and its members have laid the groundwork for national standardization and assessment frameworks in industries encompassing…

Aniline Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample A transparent liquid that is absorbed by leather, aniline dye is used in a tanning method in which the leather does not receive any coating of pigmented finish. This results in a porous, smooth surface that clearly displays the texture of the animal hide, giving it…

ASTM D7255 Abrasion Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM D7255 Abrasion Resistance for Leather (Rotary Platform, Abraser Method) The ASTM D7255 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a leather’s ability to withstand abrasion using the rotary platform abrader method. Abrasion resistance testing is one…

ASTM E84 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM E84 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials The ASTM E84 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the burning properties, or fire resistance, of building materials that may be exposed to flames using the Steiner tunnel chamber…

Belting Leather

Belting leather is a type of full-grain leather that was originally used for pulley belts in machinery during the Industrial Revolution. The heavyweight material—featuring a thick, firm feel with a smooth finish—can be either vegetable or chrome tanned.…

Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the breakdown or decomposition of materials by microorganisms. It refers to the processes that transform materials into less complex compounds that can be used and reused by living systems. Biodegradation is used for waste management and environmental remediation, also known as bioremediation. It is an important process that…

Bleach Cleanable

Explore Materials and Sample Bleach cleanable is a common cleaning instruction for textiles. It usually comes with detailed dilution instructions as well as the applicable bleach type. There are two different types of bleach: chlorine bleach and oxygen bleach or non-chlorine bleach. Chlorine bleach can disinfect, oxidize, and deodorize textiles,…

Bonded Leather

Bonded leather—also called reconstituted leather or blended leather—is produced from waste that results during leather production. The leather scraps and leather fibers are made into a pulp and stuck to a fiber or paper backing. It is then coated with a polyurethane bonding agent and embossed to give the appearance…

Botanical

Explore Materials and Sample Botanical is a motif depicting precise illustrations of plants that occasionally includes representations of flowers in bloom, leaves, or stems. As a favored subject in formal framed art, the imagery has also become a widespread design in printed textiles. Photography Courtesy of James Dunlop Textiles…

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, or BREEAM, was the world’s first widely used green building certification system. Developed in the 1990s in the UK by Building Research Establishment (BRE), today BREEAM is used in over 80 countries.1 BREAAM certification demonstrates a building project’s sustainability and its commitment to protecting…

California Prop 65 List

The California Prop 65 List is a public index of naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals that are known to cause cancer and reproductive harm. This list was established by Proposition 65—a law officially known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986—to inform Californians about potential exposure…

CAN/ULC-S102 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The CAN/ULC-S102 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies test is the Canadian standard for the relative surface burning characteristics of interior finish materials, products, and assemblies used in building construction. Results obtained from this test are used by code officials in the acceptance of…

CDPH/CHPS 01350

Explore Materials and Sample CDPH (California Department of Public Health) / CHPS (Certified in Healthcare Privacy and Security) Section 01350 is a United States standard that addresses the human health and environmental impacts of building materials used by the architecture and design community. Also known as the Standard Method for…

Certification

A certification provides third-party confirmation that a product, project, process, or system fulfills the requirements of a given standard. Certification programs vary in method or philosophy. They can be divided into multi-attribute and single-attribute programs. A single-attribute certification focuses on just one factor, like water use, energy use, or chemical…

Chevron

Explore Materials and Sample Chevron is a repeating pattern of a continuous V- and inverted V-shaped lines without interruption, resulting in a zig-zag-like appearance. Composed of at least one color, this pattern is often used in the design of flooring and walls, as well as textiles. Photography Courtesy of Walker…

Chrome Tanning

Explore Materials and Sample Chrome tanning is a process in which hides are treated with chromium (III) salts. It is considered to be the most common form of tanning due to its fast process. In this method, a hide’s pH level needs to be increased before the tanning process begins…

Circular Economy

The Circular Economy is a framework that aims to reduce environmental impacts and generate economic growth by eliminating waste and reusing resources. This model is an alternative to the traditional linear economic system, which presumes the existence and accessibility of unlimited natural resources, and in which a product’s life cycle…

COL

COL refers to “customer’s own leather,” which is a leather style selected by the specifier that is not part of the standard offering of a furniture manufacturer. If a COL is chosen, the specifier either has to purchase the leather from the leather provider and ship it to the manufacturer…

Compliance

In the building industry, compliance means acting in adherence to a set of regulations, standards, or codes. It indicates that a product, project, or process fulfills all official requirements. Designers, manufacturers, and other professionals may need to demonstrate compliance to internal management, regulators, the government, customers, or independent third parties.…

Corrected Grain Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Corrected grain is a leather hide whose surface has been altered or corrected. During the production process, the hide is frequently sanded or buffed on the grain side to remove imperfections and obtain a more uniform surface and the leather is often coated with a semi-aniline…

Cradle to Cradle Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL)

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL) is a register of the chemicals that are banned from use in Cradle to Cradle Certified products above certain thresholds. These substances have been found to be harmful or toxic to the environment and human health.1 The RSL was…

Cradle to Cradle Material Health Certificate

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Material Health Certificate recognizes products that avoid the use of harmful chemicals or toxic materials, in accordance with Cradle to Cradle’s Certified Product Standard. The C2C product standard is administered by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII) to incentivize environmentally and socially responsible…

Crypton Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Leather, also known as Leather Powered by Crypton, is proprietary treatment produced by the company Crypton. With the partnership with Cortina Leathers, Crypton Leather treated leather is bleach-cleanable, antibacterial, and stain-resistant. Crypton Leather is designed for upholstery and wallcovering in high-traffic environments including hospitality, healthcare,…

Debossed

Debossed refers to a fabrication process used for applying a recessed dimensional design onto a material. The process requires a die to be created with the desired pattern, which is then applied with pressure—and in some cases heat—to create the sunken effect. This differs from embossing, which creates a raised effect on…

Declaration

A declaration is a report that provides quantified, transparent information about a product’s environmental performance and material ingredients. It can be used by building industry professionals to facilitate comparison with similar products and to help manufacturers qualify for transparency credits in green building rating systems. Declarations can be published as…

Distressed

Explore Materials and Sample Distressed refers to a material that has simulated marks of age and wear or has been purposely blemished so as to give the appearance of long, steady use. It can be applied to wood, metal, textile, glass, and stone through many methods such as hammering, denting,…

Embossed

Explore Materials and Sample Embossed refers to a fabrication process of applying a raised dimensional design to a material. The process requires both male and female dies to create an offset surface, as opposed to debossing, which involves pressing into the material and only requires one die. Embossing uses both…

Enhanced Grain Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Enhanced is a type of full grain leather that has a slight plating over its surface to help even the hide. This is done to improve the grain’s overall appearance. Photography Courtesy of Foglizzo Leather…

Environmental Justice

Environmental Justice is the equitable distribution of environmental burdens and benefits, and of meaningful participation in environmental decision-making. This means that all people have the right to equal protection from environmental and health hazards, and the right to live, work, play, worship, or learn in safe, healthy communities.1 The US…

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human health and the environment. It was established in 1970 to ensure that all Americans have access to clean air, land, and water, and that related federal laws are administered and…

EPA Chemicals of Concern

EPA Chemicals of Concern is a list compiled by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) containing chemical substances found to be harmful or toxic to human health and the environment. This list was published in accordance with a 2016 amendment to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which requires…

FAR 25.853 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The FAR 25.253 is a standard of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for determining the flammability of aircraft seat cushions that serves as a source of guidance when complying with the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR). The purpose is to establish maximum burn rate for materials used…

FMVSS 302

Explore Materials and Sample The FMVSS 302 test is a standard of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) for evaluating flammability of materials as conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, a faction of the U.S. Department of Transportation). Results obtained from this test are used by…

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a volatile organic chemical (VOC) used as a preservative, disinfectant, and binding agent in the building industry.1 ­It has been designated as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization and California’s Proposition 65, and a Hazardous Air Pollutant by the US Environmental Protection Agency. It is a key…

Full Grain Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Full grain is a type of leather whose natural grain markings have not been corrected or altered in any way. It often displays natural characteristics and subtle markings that occurred during the life of an animal like insect bites, scars, and scratches. Full grain leather will…

Global Warming Potential

The Global Warming Potential (GWP) is a unit of measurement developed to compare the atmospheric global warming impacts of gases. It tells us how long a gas remains in the atmosphere, and how much energy it absorbs over a given time period, relative to 1 ton of carbon dioxide (CO2).…

GREENGUARD

Explore Materials and Sample The GREENGUARD Certification Program—previously known as the GREENGUARD Indoor Air Quality Certification—recognizes products and processes that meet standards for safe levels of chemical and particle emissions in indoor spaces. GREENGUARD is a third-party assessment program created by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Environment to support manufacturers in producing…

GREENGUARD Gold

Explore Materials and Sample GREENGUARD is a third-party assessment program created by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Environment to support manufacturers in producing safe products designed for indoor spaces, in accordance with strict VOC emissions standards. GREENGUARD Gold is even more rigorous, permitting no more than 1/100 of currently published ACGIH Threshold…

Haired Hide Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Haired hide, or hair-on hide, is a type of leather that has the original hairs intact. Unlike other kinds of leather, the hair is left on during the tanning process. It is typically used for its natural colors and appearance but can also be dyed. This…

Hand

Hand is a standard industry term used to describe the feel, softness, suppleness, or fullness of upholstery leather.…

Heavy Metals

Heavy metals are naturally occurring elements with high densities relative to water, which are toxic at low concentrations.1 They are part of an ill-defined subset of elements with metallic properties, usually categorized as metals or metalloids.2 In trace amounts, many of these elements are necessary to sustain life, but when…

Houndstooth

Explore Materials and Sample Houndstooth is a two-toned textile design consisting of a ground of broken checks, with notched corners resembling the canine teeth for which it was named. Originally popularized during the 1930s in wool-tweed jackets and suits—primarily in combinations of black and white—the pattern has since broadened to…

Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the quality of air in and around buildings, as it affects human health and safety. Pollutants released into indoor air can cause adverse short- and long-term health effects. These effects have a disproportionate impact on at-risk populations like children, the elderly, asthmatics, low-income, minorities,…

International Living Future Institute

The International Living Future Institute (ILFI), established in 2009 by members of the Cascadia Green Building Council, is a non-profit advocating for a socially just, culturally rich, and ecologically restorative society. As the umbrella organization tasked with managing the Living Building Challenge, the Living Product Challenge, the Living Community Challenge,…

Latex

Explore Materials and Sample Latex is an emulsion polymer produced from natural or synthetic materials. Natural latex is most commonly made from the soft white substance beneath the bark of a mature rubber tree while synthetic latex is made from petroleum-based chemicals. Both types of latex go through various processes…

LBC Red List Approved (formerly LBC Compliant)

Explore Materials and Sample Living Building Challenge (LBC) Red List Approved is a status indicating that a product is in compliance with the requirements of the LBC Challenge, but that compliance is dependent on one or more exceptions. It is one of three declaration possibilities (Red List Free and Declared…

LBC Red List Free

Explore Materials and Sample Living Building Challenge (LBC) Red List Free is a status indicating that a product contains none of the harmful chemicals listed on the Red List. It is one of three declaration possibilities—Red List Approved and Declared are the other two—on the International Living Future Institute’s (ILFI)…

Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Leather is a durable and flexible material that is created by preserving and treating animal rawhide and skins. Leather hides can be used in the manufacturing of footwear, automobile and furniture upholstery, bags, bookbinding, architectural elements, cloths, and fashion accessories. The earliest examples of animal hides…

LEED

Explore Materials and Sample Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a third-party certification system and global standard for green buildings and communities. Developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), LEED is the world’s most widely used green building rating system. It provides the tools for building industry…

Life Cycle Assessment

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a standardized set of procedures used to quantify the inputs, outputs, and potential environmental impacts of products or systems across their entire life cycle. LCAs promote the redesign and responsible design of products and processes to reduce harm to the environment.1 The life cycle is…

Low-Emitting

Explore Materials and Sample Low-emitting or low volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are reduced concentrations of chemical contaminants in manufactured goods that, at significant levels, can be harmful to human health and the environment. VOC emissions can be released from household products like paints, solvents, carpets, wood composites, and cleaning products,…

Nubuck Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Nubuck is a type of top-grain leather that has been sanded or buffed on the grain side of the hide, resulting in a soft and velvet-like feel, which is similar to suede but more durable. The material has a fine pile, which can be recognized when…

Perforated

Explore Materials and Sample Perforated refers to materials that have been pierced with holes, typically with uniform profiles and spacing. Perforations can be applied to a variety of materials including metal, plastic, paper, leather, textiles, and wallcoverings. Depending on the type of material, perforating can add a host of performance…

Perkins and Will Precautionary List

The Perkins & Will Precautionary List is a compilation of hazardous chemicals that are used in the building, design, and construction industry. The list was developed by Perkins & Will, an architecture and planning firm whose aim is to provide industry professionals with a tool to analyze the health and…

Pigmented Leather

Pigmented leather refers to an extremely durable leather that has been dyed through with pigmented color. The leather’s imperfections are removed through buffing, and it is then embossed with an artificial grain and coated with a pigmented polymer sealer. Because of its durability, pigmented leather is used in furniture and…

Plaid

Explore Materials and Sample Plaid is a fabric pattern featuring horizontal and vertical lines that intersect at 90-degree angles to form variously sized squares or checks in alternating or multiple colors. Common varieties include tartan plaid, originating in the Scottish Highlands of the 1700s; glen plaid, a twill pattern of…

Post-Consumer Recycled

Explore Materials and Sample Post-consumer recycled content is material waste generated after the consumer-use phase of an item’s life cycle that is used to manufacture new products. To claim post-consumer content, manufacturers must disclose the percentage of recycled materials used, according to the item’s total weight. Use of either kind…

Post-Industrial Recycled

Explore Materials and Sample Post-industrial recycled content, also known as pre-consumer recycled content, is material waste generated during mass production that is later used to manufacture new products. Unlike post-consumer recycled content, post-industrial material has been recycled before entering into contact with consumers and being sent to a landfill. In…

Product Life Cycle

A product life cycle is an assessment of resource consumption, performance, and environmental impacts at each phase of an industrial product’s life. It consists of the extraction of raw materials, the processing of those materials, manufacturing, shipping, use, maintenance, and finally disposal or recycling. Life cycle assessment is based on…

Pull-Up Leather

Pull-up leather is known for its excellent quality, vintage patina, and extremely soft hand. When an aniline-dyed leather is pulled, the oils and waxes that have been applied shift the color and it becomes lighter in the pulled areas. A rich patina with scratches and signs of wear will increase…

Rawhide Leather

Rawhide is a type of leather that has not been exposed to tanning. It is the original animal skin that has been cured and removed of fur, meat, and fat. This results in a natural look that is lighter in color than other kinds of leather. It is typically stretched…

REACH Compliant

Explore Materials and Sample The Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) is a European Union law instated in 2007 to regulate harmful chemicals across all industries. It aims to protect human health and the environment from risks caused by exposure to chemicals. Managed by the European Chemicals Agency…

REACH Substances of Very High Concern

REACH Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs) are chemicals that pose a serious threat to human health and the environment, as evaluated by the European Chemical Agency (ECHA). They are regulated through the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), a European Union law instated in 2007. The SVHC…

Recycled Content

Explore Materials and Sample Recycled content, as opposed to virgin stock, is material that has been diverted from a landfill and subsequently used in the manufacturing of new product. Defined by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to prevent false marketing claims, recycled content can be supplied from industrial or consumer…

Red List

The Red List is an index of the most harmful and polluting materials used in the building industry. It was created by the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) to identify and eliminate pollutants, substances that are harmful to construction and factory workers, and chemicals that bio-accumulate up the food chain…

SCS Global Services

SCS Global Services is a third-party certification body that also develops its own standards. It develops environmental, sustainability, food safety, and quality performance standards, as well as auditing and certification programs. It works internationally, initiating partnerships with companies, government agencies, NGOs, and other stakeholders to achieve sustainable development goals and…

SCS Indoor Advantage Certified

Explore Materials and Sample SCS Indoor Advantage is a certification program developed by SCS Global Services that appraises the VOC emissions of furniture and interior building materials. SCS offers two certifications: Indoor Advantage, for furniture; and Indoor Advantage Gold, for furniture and building materials—including coatings, paints, sealants, adhesives, wallcoverings, floor…

Sealant

A sealant can be applied for purposes of protecting a substrate material from air, gas, dust, liquids, or abrasion. It can be designed to provide thermal and acoustical insulation or serve as a fire barrier. Sealants may have smoothing or gap filling properties, and may be weak or strong, flexible…

Semi-Aniline Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample Semi-aniline dyed refers to a process in which leather is aniline-dyed or stained, incorporating a small amount of pigment so as not to conceal the hide’s natural characteristics and grain. This results in leather that is typically soft and warm to the touch, with a thin…

Ships Carbon Neutral

Explore Materials and Sample Ships carbon neutral is an indicator that activities associated with a product’s transportation release a net zero amount of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere. There are two main strategies for achieving carbon neutrality in shipping: offsetting greenhouse gas emissions and using alternative fuel sources. The…

Six Classes

Six Classes is a framework developed by the Green Science Policy Institute to provide information about many  of the harmful chemicals used in building materials and consumer products, in order to minimize their use. Rather than creating a list of chemicals of concern, Six Classes groups chemicals into six categories.…

Skive

Skive refers to a technique used to reduce the thickness of the flesh side of leather by using a skiver tool to arrive at a thinner piece of leather. This makes the leather more flexible. The technique is also used to join long strips of leather together for belts or…

Social Equity

Social Equity, at its simplest, can be understood as impartiality, fairness, and justice for all people.1 This means taking into account systemic inequalities to ensure that that everyone has access to the same opportunities and outcomes. Equity acknowledges that inequalities exist and works to eliminate them. It means that regardless…

Split Grain Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Split grain is a type of leather produced from the central portion of the hide, usually the middle or lower layer. The top layer of the hide is not present in split leather, so no natural grain markings appear. Optional finishes include coating the leather with…

Stripe

Explore Materials and Sample Stripe refers to a pattern of bands, lines, or strips that can run in diagonal, horizontal, or vertical directions. There are many types of stripe patterns classified by thickness, size, color, spacing, and arrangement. Photography Courtesy of Silver State Inc.…

Substrate

A substrate refers to a base surface or underlying layer upon which another material is adhered, coated, laminated, deposited, printed, or otherwise brought into contact with.…

Suede

Explore Materials and Sample Suede refers to leather that is produced from either the inner layer of split leather or the uncoated flesh side of a smooth leather. This results in a soft, fuzzy, and pliable material, which works well for delicate uses. Suede’s fibers are coarse as well as…

Supply Chain

A supply chain is a coordinated system of processes, information, resources, physical locations, and service providers that are responsible for a product’s manufacturing, storage, distribution, and retail.1 All activities between the extraction of raw materials and the product’s acquisition by an end customer make up part of the supply chain.…

Texture

Explore Materials and Sample Texture describes the dimensionality of a material surface independently from a pattern or motif. Textures can be flat or deep, even or uneven, and soft or rough. Textures are created for visual impact, but their tactile quality and physical properties are experienced through touch. Photography Courtesy…

Third Party

A third party is an objective, independent person or organization. Product testing, evaluation, certification, and reporting is often performed by a third party in order to ensure reliability. In order to be independent, third parties must have no conflicts of interest, financial, personal, or otherwise, with involved parties such as…

Three Dimensional

A three-dimensional material has physical attributes that exist in the X, Y, and Z plains. While specific categories of materials will define three-dimensionality differently, if there has been an additive, reductive, or transformative process done to the material, it may qualify as having three-dimensional characteristics.…

Top Grain Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Top grain is a type of leather that has undergone minor corrections to its natural grain markings. It is made from the top or outermost layer of the hide. During the production process, top-grain leather can be corrected, meaning it can be treated to reduce blemishes…

Toxicity

Toxicity refers to the potential of a substance to cause harm to the living body. Toxic substances, or toxicants, can be naturally occurring (such as lead), synthetic (like phthalates), or produced by a living organism (like mold). Those produced by a living organism fall into a subclassification of toxicants called…

UL (formerly Underwriters Laboratories)

UL (formerly Underwriters Laboratories), founded in 1894, is an independent safety science company and standards developer that promotes the production and use of products that are physically and environmentally safe. It seeks to advance the living and working conditions for people, through the application of science, hazard-based safety engineering, and…

UL 723 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The UL 723 Surface Burning Characteristic of Building Materials test is a standard of Underwriters Laboratories (UL) that measures the burning properties, or fire resistance, of building materials that may be exposed to flames. Results obtained from this test are used by code officials in the…

US Green Building Council

The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) is a nonprofit organization committed to transforming the nation’s construction industry by promoting the values of the green building rating system Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED). Its mission is to facilitate healthier, more socially and environmentally responsible buildings and communities that improve…

Vegetable Tanning

Explore Materials and Sample Vegetable tanning uses tannins, or tanning agents, that are found naturally in plant-derived sources, including tree bark and various plant species. During this method, the tannins are placed alongside the hides in water-filled pits that create a tannic acid after a few days. Over time, the…

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are chemical contaminants that, at significant levels, can be harmful to human health and the environment. VOCs are volatile, meaning that they evaporate readily, and organic, which means that they contain carbon atoms. There are several exceptions that do not fall under VOC categorization, including carbon…

Wastewater

Wastewater refers to any water that has been used by humans. It includes water that has been contaminated by domestic, industrial, agricultural, and commercial use, and from stormwater runoff and infiltration.1 After use, water must be treated to reduce pollutants before being released into the environment. Wastewater is collected in…

Waxed Leather

Explore Materials and Sample Waxed leather refers to a process in which an oily or waxy finish is applied to a hide. It can also be called pull-up or oiled leather. In this process, the waxes are often dyed, causing a slight risk of dye transfer. Waxed leather is soft…

WELL

Explore Materials and Sample The WELL Building Standard is a global rating system that uses a point-based framework of best-practice policies to assess the impact of the built environment on human health. WELL was founded by the International WELL Building Institute (IWBI), a public benefit corporation with a mission to…

Wet Blue Leather

Wet blue leather refers to unfinished hides that have been dehaired and chrome tanned as a means to preserve the leather. Also referred to as “in the blues,” these hides attain a light blue color from the chromium tanning agents.…

Woodgrain Effect

Explore Materials and Sample Woodgrain effect is a faux treatment that simulates the appearance of actual wood, from hand-painted finishes on ceramics or glass, to digitally printed graphics on flooring, wallcoverings, and surfaces. Photography Courtesy of Atlas Concorde…