Terms

Results for "textile"

3M Scotchguard

Explore Materials and Sample 3M Scotchguard is an applied stain and water repellent spray that cleans, protects, and polishes a wide variety of furniture and materials. These include carpets, fabrics such as drapery and upholstery, leathers such as nubuck and suede, granite and marble for kitchen surfaces, and vinyl for…

Abstract

Explore Materials and Sample Abstract refers to artworks and designs that do not intend to represent physical realities. Rather, abstraction relies on form, composition, line, color, texture, and gesture to create imagery that either simplifies or repudiates visual reality. Abstraction as an idea was born in the 19th century as…

Accordion Pleat

An accordion pleat is a drapery header type in which the fabric is formed into the shape of a sharp ‘Z’. The shape can be made by sewing the top of the fabric together and pressing, or it can be done with the use of hardware and pressing. An accordion…

Acetate

Explore Materials and Sample Acetate is a manufactured cellulose fiber made from wood pulp through a dry spinning process. It can be manufactured as a staple fiber and filament yarn. Acetate staple fiber is commonly used as cigarette filters, while acetate filament yarn is often weaved into satin fabric, which…

Acrylic

Explore Materials and Sample Acrylic fiber is a synthetic fiber made from polyacrylonitrile that was first developed by Dupont in the 1940s and trademarked under the name Orlon. Acrylic fiber is lightweight, durable, and can be extruded in both staple and filament form through wet and dry spinning process. Acrylic…

Agion

Agion is a proprietary antimicrobial and odor control textile finish developed by Sciessent. With silver and copper ion technology, Agion is designed to decrease microbes and inhabits bacteria growth. Agion can be applied on textile via padding, exhaust, or package yarn and can also be used in apparel, water filtration…

Alta

Explore Materials and Sample Alta is a water-based finish developed by Applied Textile that can be engineered according to application and environments. It is used to resist water-based and oil-based stains from penetrating into the product. With precision-engineering, Alta can be used on a wide range of residential or commercial…

American National Safety Institute (ANSI)

The American National Safety Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit membership organization that manages and regulates the development of voluntary safety standards for products and systems in the United States. Founded in 1918, ANSI and its members have laid the groundwork for national standardization and assessment frameworks in industries encompassing…

Animal Print

Explore Materials and Sample Animal print is a motif that depicts the fur or skin of an animal. First prevalent in 1940s fashion as an inexpensive substitute for actual pelts, the treatment was ultimately embraced by interior designers, primarily for use in fabric but also embossed leather, flooring, surfaces, and…

Argyle

Explore Materials and Sample Argyle is a geometric, crisscross pattern of both intercrossing diagonal lines and repeating solid diamonds. Usually the pattern is composed of outlines that overlap varicolored diamonds, with the corners of the outlines meeting at the center of solid diamonds. Adapted from the tartan plaids of 17th-century…

Association for Contract Textiles (ACT)

The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a not-for-profit trade association that represents corporations and individuals that design, produce, sell, and use textiles for commercial interiors. Founded in 1985, the organization has four membership categories: Principals members or textile wholesalers to the interior design industry Associate members or manufacturers of…

ASTM D3389 Taber Abrasion Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM D3389 Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader) The ASTM D3389 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a coated fabric’s ability to withstand abrasion using the rotary platform abrader method. Abrasion resistance testing is one of…

ASTM D3884 Taber Abrasion Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM D3884 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a coated fabric’s ability to withstand abrasion using the rotary platform method with two abraders. Abrasion resistance testing is one of several components used when assessing the durability…

ASTM D4060 Taber Abrasion Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM D4060 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the abrasion resistance of coatings applied to a rigid surface, such as paints, varnishes, stains, and other coatings. The scope of testing involves mounting a test specimen flatly…

ASTM D4157 Wyzenbeek Abrasion Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM D4157 Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method) The ASTM D4157 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a textile’s ability to withstand abrasion using the oscillatory cylinder method. Named after the inventor of the…

ASTM D4966 Martindale Abrasion Resistance

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM D4966 test method is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a textile’s ability to withstand abrasion using the Martindale method. Named after the inventor of the testing machine, this test method is often referred to as the…

ASTM E1353 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The ASTM E1353 Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that assesses the combustion resistance of upholstered furniture components when exposed to smoldering cigarettes. Furniture components that this test method applies to are…

ASTM E84 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM E84 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials The ASTM E84 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the burning properties, or fire resistance, of building materials that may be exposed to flames using the Steiner tunnel chamber…

Balance Barrier

Balance Barrier is a proprietary treatment developed by TSG Finishing. There are multiple finishing options including abrasion enhancers, water and stain repellents, flame retardants, and moisture barrier backings. Balance Barrier is usually applied with GreenShield technology, which prevents liquids or stains from penetrating the fabric, resists bacteria, and increases flammability…

Bamboo

Explore Materials and Sample Bamboo refers to a manufactured cellulose fiber that is made from bamboo pulp with a solvent spun process. As part of rayon fiber family, bamboo fiber can be produced in filament or staple form. It is not inherently antibacterial. Bamboo is a renewable resource and is…

Basketweave

Basketweave refers to a type of plain weave that creates a checkerboard-like weave pattern. Multiple warp threads interlace with an equal number of weft threads, going over and under, and then in reverse. Compared to flat plain weaves, basketweaves are visually more impactful, particularly when different colors in warp and…

Batik

Explore Materials and Sample Batik is an ancient motif that emerged from resist-dyeing, a method in which patterns are created by manipulating fabric to block dye from penetrating the entire cloth. Wax is melted and applied to the fabric’s surface and the cloth is placed into a dye bath. Once…

Beaded

Explore Materials and Sample The term beaded refers to the process of stringing beads on a thread or wire, or of sewing them to a cloth. Beads can be made of various materials and are available in different sizes and shapes. Beadwork techniques can be combined with weaving, embroidery, crochet,…

Bella-Dura

Explore Materials and Sample Bella-Dura is a performance fabric made with a proprietary solution dyed polyolefin fiber, which resists abrasion, light, stain, microbes, and mildew. Bella-Dura fabric can be used on a wide range of residential or commercial environments including outdoor, hospitality, healthcare, and marine. Bella-Dura fabric can be safely…

Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the breakdown or decomposition of materials by microorganisms. It refers to the processes that transform materials into less complex compounds that can be used and reused by living systems. Biodegradation is used for waste management and environmental remediation, also known as bioremediation. It is an important process that…

Blackout Drapery

Explore Materials and Sample Blackout drapery refers to a type of window treatment that is made from an opaque fabric used to eliminate light in a room. These treatments can come in the form of curtains, shades, or blinds, and are designed to be tightly fitted to a window casing—ensuring…

Bleach Cleanable

Explore Materials and Sample Bleach cleanable is a common cleaning instruction for textiles. It usually comes with detailed dilution instructions as well as the applicable bleach type. There are two different types of bleach: chlorine bleach and oxygen bleach or non-chlorine bleach. Chlorine bleach can disinfect, oxidize, and deodorize textiles,…

Block Print

Explore Materials and Sample Block print is a motif that emerges from manually stamping a fabric by applying dye to a block—typically wood or linoleum—that has been carved into a print. The dye-coated side of the block is then pressed onto the surface of a fabric, in a process that…

Bolt

A bolt is a unit of measurement that counts the number of yards or meters on a single textile roll or bolt. It is an important consideration for furniture manufacturers and fabricators in determining the total material needed for a project. The bolt size most often correlates to the weight…

Botanical

Explore Materials and Sample Botanical is a motif depicting precise illustrations of plants that occasionally includes representations of flowers in bloom, leaves, or stems. As a favored subject in formal framed art, the imagery has also become a widespread design in printed textiles. Photography Courtesy of James Dunlop Textiles…

Bouclé

Bouclé is a type of novelty yarn with various sized loops that add texture and a curly, knotted finish to the end product. Named for the the French meaning of ‘to curl,’ Bouclé is composed of two or more yarns, with one of the yarns twisted tight to stabilize for…

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, or BREEAM, was the world’s first widely used green building certification system. Developed in the 1990s in the UK by Building Research Establishment (BRE), today BREEAM is used in over 80 countries.1 BREAAM certification demonstrates a building project’s sustainability and its commitment to protecting…

Brocade

Explore Materials and Sample Brocade is an elaborately decorated fabric—usually satin or twill weave—with a raised pattern that consists of multicolor or metallic yarns, which are jacquard-woven on the surface of the textile. Taken from the Italian word for “embossed cloth,” brocades date back to ancient China and Byzantium and…

Buffalo Check

One of several variations on plaid, buffalo check is a fabric pattern composed of horizontal and vertical bands in two contrasting colors, most commonly red and black, which intersect at 90-degree angles to form a grid of large-scale squares. First traced to woven blankets in 19th-century Montana, it was ultimately…

C-Zero

C-Zero is a proprietary treatment produced by the company Crypton. This patented fluorine-free stain resistance treatment for textiles comes with optional silver ion order resistant and integrated moisture barrier (C-Zero Plus). C-Zero protects products from water-based stains and also prohibits the growths of bacteria, virus, odor, mold, and fungus with…

CAL 117-2013 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample California Technical Bulletin 117-2013 The California Technical Bulletin 117-2013 is a California fire safety law that measures the smolder resistance of cover fabrics, barrier materials, filling materials, and decking materials used in upholstered furniture when exposed to a lighted cigarette. There are four sections of test…

California Prop 65 List

The California Prop 65 List is a public index of naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals that are known to cause cancer and reproductive harm. This list was established by Proposition 65—a law officially known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986—to inform Californians about potential exposure…

Camouflage

Explore Materials and Sample Camouflage refers to a curvy pattern consisting of irregular shapes, which is adapted from the act of blending in with the environment. The pattern mirrors tactics used by animals to blend in with their surroundings, which include concealing coloration, disguise, disruptive coloration, and mimicry. During World…

CAN/ULC-S102 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The CAN/ULC-S102 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies test is the Canadian standard for the relative surface burning characteristics of interior finish materials, products, and assemblies used in building construction. Results obtained from this test are used by code officials in the acceptance of…

CAN/ULC-S109 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The CAN/ULC-S109 Flame-Resistant Fabrics and Films test is the Canadian standard for measuring burning characteristics of fabrics and films that are flame-resistant either inherently or with the addition of a chemical treatment. Results obtained from this test are used by code officials in the acceptance of…

Cartridge Pleat

A cartridge pleat is a drapery header type that uses rolls which create a template for loose waves to flow throughout the rest of the curtain. From an aerial view, the fabric simply looks like a zig zag with rounded edges. A cartridge pleat creates a layered and tailored aesthetic.…

CDPH/CHPS 01350

Explore Materials and Sample CDPH (California Department of Public Health) / CHPS (Certified in Healthcare Privacy and Security) Section 01350 is a United States standard that addresses the human health and environmental impacts of building materials used by the architecture and design community. Also known as the Standard Method for…

Celliant

Explore Materials and Sample Celliant is a patented technology that utilizes a blend of 13 thermo-active minerals—including titanium dioxide, silicon dioxide, and aluminum oxide—and proprietary ingredients that can be embedded into the core of a yarn. According to Celliant’s website, the embedded minerals convert the body’s natural energy into infrared…

Certification

A certification provides third-party confirmation that a product, project, process, or system fulfills the requirements of a given standard. Certification programs vary in method or philosophy. They can be divided into multi-attribute and single-attribute programs. A single-attribute certification focuses on just one factor, like water use, energy use, or chemical…

Check

Explore Materials and Sample Check is a type of plaid pattern consisting of overlapping equal horizontal and vertical lines. These lines come in at least two colors that cross each other to form equal squares. Photography Courtesy of Maharam…

Chevron

Explore Materials and Sample Chevron is a repeating pattern of a continuous V- and inverted V-shaped lines without interruption, resulting in a zig-zag-like appearance. Composed of at least one color, this pattern is often used in the design of flooring and walls, as well as textiles. Photography Courtesy of Walker…

Circular Economy

The Circular Economy is a framework that aims to reduce environmental impacts and generate economic growth by eliminating waste and reusing resources. This model is an alternative to the traditional linear economic system, which presumes the existence and accessibility of unlimited natural resources, and in which a product’s life cycle…

Clean Vinyl Technology

Explore Materials and Sample Clean Vinyl Technology wallcovering is a phthalate-free and low VOCs vinyl wallcovering developed by Len-Tex and O’Sullivan Films. Clean Vinyl Technology wallcovering eliminates health concerns associated with traditional vinyl while maintaining cleanability and durability. Micro-venting and antimicrobial agents can be added. Performance: Passes ASTM E84 Fire…

Climatex

Explore Materials and Sample Climatex is a textile brand developed by Swiss company Gessner. Climatex uses a specialized weaving pattern, called Textile Lock, which is a three-dimensional structure combining natural and synthetic fibers. This allows for their fibers to be easily separated and recycled, distribute thermal properties, reduce moisture, and…

Coated Fabrics

Explore Materials and Sample Coated fabrics are created by bonding a coated layer to a textile substrate. The coated layer comes in either a liquid or film form and it can be applied to woven, knit, or non-woven substrates. Depending on the desired fabric properties such as durability, impermeability, resistance,…

Collage

Explore Materials and Sample Collage refers to a motif that emerged from a technique of assembling different forms of the same or varying types of materials such as fabric, paint, paper, and wood to create a new design on a supporting surface, which is held together with glue or another…

Colorfastness to Light ACT Icon

Explore Materials and Sample The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a non-profit trade association that sets up industrial standards related to contract fabrics. Their guidelines specify the testing that is necessary for a textile to be certified depending on its construction and intended use. The lightfastness test is examined…

COM

COM refers to “customer own material,” which is a textile style selected by the specifier that is not part of the standard offering of a furniture manufacturer. If a COM is chosen, the specifier either has to purchase the textile from the textile provider and ship it to the manufacturer for application, or the…

Compliance

In the building industry, compliance means acting in adherence to a set of regulations, standards, or codes. It indicates that a product, project, or process fulfills all official requirements. Designers, manufacturers, and other professionals may need to demonstrate compliance to internal management, regulators, the government, customers, or independent third parties.…

Continuous Dyed

Continuous dyed is a method used to dye large quantities of yarn, textiles, or carpet on a continuous production line. Unlike piece dyeing in batches, continuous dyeing involves moving the goods through the dye application, dye fixation, washing, and sometimes finishing stages without interruption.…

Corduroy

Explore Materials and Sample Corduroy is a ridged fabric made from cut pile yarn that has been woven into wales—also referred to as cords—which are the vertical ribs that run the length of the fabric and give corduroy its unique texture. It is a durable fabric that is often used…

Cotton

Explore Materials and Sample Cotton is a plant that produces a soft natural cellulose staple fiber. It has been grown for over 6,000 years for uses that include food, farming, textile fibers, and fuel. As the top producers of cotton, India, China, and the United States generate approximately 60 percent of…

Cradle to Cradle Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL)

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL) is a register of the chemicals that are banned from use in Cradle to Cradle Certified products above certain thresholds. These substances have been found to be harmful or toxic to the environment and human health.1 The RSL was…

Cradle to Cradle Material Health Certificate

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Material Health Certificate recognizes products that avoid the use of harmful chemicals or toxic materials, in accordance with Cradle to Cradle’s Certified Product Standard. The C2C product standard is administered by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII) to incentivize environmentally and socially responsible…

Crewel Embroidery

Explore Materials and Sample Crewel embroidery, or crewelwork, is a type of free surface embroidery that uses a crewel or two-ply wool yarn. This heftier yarn gives embroidery patterns a signature thickness and texture. Because crewel is defined by the type of material used, it may use any embroidery stitch.…

Cross Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample Cross dyed is a method used to produce multicolor effects in yarns, textiles, or carpets made from more than one kind of fiber. The desired material can be dipped into a single dyebath and obtain varying color effects based on each fiber’s dye affinities. This method…

Crypton

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton is a company that works with textile partners to provide stain, odor, moisture, and bacteria- and fungal-resistant treatment to contract and residential fabric. The patented Crypton treatment for textiles is used to resist stains and inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungus while creating an…

Crypton Green

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Green is a proprietary treatment produced by the company Crypton. The treatment for textiles is used to resist stains and inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungus, while creating an impermeable barrier. Crypton Green is a two-pass process where the antimicrobial and stain resistant treatments…

Crypton Home

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Home is a proprietary treatment produced by the company Crypton. The treatment for textiles is used to resist stain and odor. Without an integrated moisture barrier, Crypton Home fabric repels accidental spills as well as water-based and oil-based stains. It also prohibits the growths of…

Crypton IMO

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton IMO is a proprietary treatment produced by the company Crypton. The treatment for textiles is designed to meet fire and smoke standards required by IMO/MED while carrying Crypton’s signature stain-resistant, antimicrobial, and integrated impermeable barrier properties. Crypton IMO fabric is certified to be applied on…

Crypton INCASE

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Incase is a proprietary treatment produced by the company Crypton. The treatment for textiles is used to resist stains and inhibit the growth of bacteria. With silver ion technology, Crypton Incase also prohibits the growths of bacteria, virus, odor, mold, and fungus. Crypton Incase can…

Crypton Nanotex

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Nanotex is a proprietary finish produced by the company Crypton. The treatment for textiles is used to resist stains and increase fabric performance, and it can be used on a wide range of healthcare and commercial products—such as indoor and outdoor seating, headboards, mattress fabrics,…

Crypton Revl

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Revl is a proprietary finish produced by the company Crypton. Crypton Revl treatment for vinyl coated fabric is used to resist stains and inhibit the growth of bacteria and odor. Crypton Revl is designed for commercial upholstery in high-traffic environments including hospitality, healthcare, workplace, marine, and public places.…

Cubicle Header

A cubicle header is a simple gathering of drapery fabric that is hung in a way that it is easy to remove from the track or rod in order for regular cleaning. A common cubicle header is seen in privacy curtains that are used in medical settings. With this type…

Damask

Explore Materials and Sample Damask refers to a patterned fabric that is constructed by weaving the pattern into the cloth on a jacquard loom, with a single warp yarn and a single weft yarn. The pattern is satin-woven, while the background is sateen-woven in typically the same color. This combination…

Declaration

A declaration is a report that provides quantified, transparent information about a product’s environmental performance and material ingredients. It can be used by building industry professionals to facilitate comparison with similar products and to help manufacturers qualify for transparency credits in green building rating systems. Declarations can be published as…

Declare Label

Explore Materials and Sample The Declare Label is a transparency initiative by the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) through which industrial manufacturers can opt to disclose their product ingredients. Declare Labels share a product’s key compositional and logistical information with specifiers and consumers, including its manufacturer, assembly location, life expectancy,…

Declared

Explore Materials and Sample Declared refers to a declaration status indicating that a product has disclosed 100 percent of its ingredients present at or above 100ppm (0.01%), while also containing one or more Red List chemicals not listed as an existing exception. It is one of three declaration possibilities—along with…

DEFEND

Explore Materials and Sample DEFEND is a proprietary textile finish developed by TSG Finishing that resists stain, water, oil, abrasion, pilling, and bacteria. DEFEND treated textiles are applicable for a wide range of categories such as apparel, healthcare, hospitality, industrial, marine, military, outdoor, residential, and transportation. DEFEND provides four different…

Defiance

Explore Materials and Sample Defiance is a proprietary textile finish developed by Glen Raven. With a C8-based fluorocarbon chemistry, Defiance is used to resist stains and inhibit the growth of bacteria. Defiance is usually applied on Sunbrella textiles and is applicable for healthcare environments. Certification: Facts Silver Certified *The application…

Digital Print

Explore Materials and Sample Digital print refers to a process of directly printing onto a substrate from a digital resource. The process deposits ink droplets of various colors in a continuous jet or pulse that combine to create the desired colors for a given design. With advancements in ink compositions…

Distressed

Explore Materials and Sample Distressed refers to a material that has simulated marks of age and wear or has been purposely blemished so as to give the appearance of long, steady use. It can be applied to wood, metal, textile, glass, and stone through many methods such as hammering, denting,…

Ditsy

Explore Materials and Sample Ditsy is an overall fabric pattern consisting of micro- or small-scale motifs—particularly florals—that are typically scattered or randomly arranged as opposed to being organized into symmetrical designs. Origins of the treatment can be traced back to the 1920s and 1930s, when it was a popular approach…

Dot

Explore Materials and Sample A dotted motif refers to a type of geometric pattern consisting of round, solid, and filled-in spots. The pattern can be random or repeated. Photography Courtesy of Designtex…

Dye Lot

A dye lot is a record attributed to all yarn or yardage in a specific dye bath. Yarns and pieces from the same dye lot are understood to have the same coloration and considered to be a match when used throughout a space. Even with consistent dye formulas between dye…

Embroidered

Explore Materials and Sample Embroidered refers to a textile that has been embellished on its surface with fibers, yarns, beads, or other materials. This style can be created by both hand and machine. Hand embroidery is typically constructed through stitch or needle work in the form of a decorative pattern…

Environmental Justice

Environmental Justice is the equitable distribution of environmental burdens and benefits, and of meaningful participation in environmental decision-making. This means that all people have the right to equal protection from environmental and health hazards, and the right to live, work, play, worship, or learn in safe, healthy communities.1 The US…

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human health and the environment. It was established in 1970 to ensure that all Americans have access to clean air, land, and water, and that related federal laws are administered and…

EPA Chemicals of Concern

EPA Chemicals of Concern is a list compiled by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) containing chemical substances found to be harmful or toxic to human health and the environment. This list was published in accordance with a 2016 amendment to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which requires…

Epingle

Explore Materials and Sample An epingle is a woven pile textile with a very durable surface. Both loop and cut pile are seen in this fabric, and this is what gives the end product its texture. Epingles are traditionally woven on special looms that insert a horizontal rod into the…

FAR 25.853 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The FAR 25.253 is a standard of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for determining the flammability of aircraft seat cushions that serves as a source of guidance when complying with the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR). The purpose is to establish maximum burn rate for materials used…

Felt

Explore Materials and Sample Traditional felt is a non-woven fabric that is produced by matting, condensing, and pressing loose fibers in order to form the structure of the fabric. With a loose construction that is subject to tearing, felt products that are used industrially are typically made by heating, shrinking,…

Fiberglass

Explore Materials and Sample Fiberglass is a filament fiber produced with glass. The glass is melted and extruded through fine holes. Fiberglass is lightweight and is often combined with other resins or plastics to increase its strength. It is also resistant to chemicals, light, and heat. Fiberglass is often used…

Flammability ACT Icon

Explore Materials and Sample The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a non-profit trade association that sets up industrial standards related to contract fabrics. Their guidelines specify the tests that are necessary for a textile to be certified depending on its construction and intended use. The flammability test examines how…

Flannel

Explore Materials and Sample Flannel is a soft and warm woven fabric that has a napped, or fuzzy, finish on both sides. Typically made of cotton, it may be brushed or unbrushed, depending on its desired softness and end use. Flannel is often woven with patterns, such as plaid or…

Flat Pleat

A flat pleat is the most common drapery header as it requires no actual pleating. It allows the textile to naturally hang with a flowy and relaxed aesthetic. Curtains with flat pleats can be hung using hardware such as rod and rings, an exposed track, a hidden track with cornice,…

Floral

Explore Materials and Sample Floral refers to a motif that incorporates figurative elements of flowers such as blossoms and leaves. These can be arranged in an organic or geometric manner, and the pattern can be realistic or abstracted. Broader interpretations of the term floral may include any type of botanical…

Fluorescent

Fluorescent refers to a pigment that converts wavelengths outside the visible spectrum—such as ultraviolet light—into visible light, resulting in brilliant hues, as well as glowing effects. When fluorescent pigments are no longer exposed to this stimulant, they will stop fluorescing immediately, unlike phosphorescence, which will continue to fluoresce after the…

FMVSS 302

Explore Materials and Sample The FMVSS 302 test is a standard of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) for evaluating flammability of materials as conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, a faction of the U.S. Department of Transportation). Results obtained from this test are used by…

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a volatile organic chemical (VOC) used as a preservative, disinfectant, and binding agent in the building industry.1 ­It has been designated as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization and California’s Proposition 65, and a Hazardous Air Pollutant by the US Environmental Protection Agency. It is a key…

Fosshield

Explore Materials and Sample Fosshield is an ion-based antimicrobial performance finish developed by Foss Performance Material. Fosshield utilizes both silver and copper ion to inhibit the growth of bacteria, mold, mildew, and fungus when applied to fabric, polymers, and rubber. Fosshield can also be used to produce FDA-approved N95 surgical…

Geometric

Explore Materials and Sample Geometric refers to patterns that incorporate shapes found in geometry such as lines, circles, rectangles, triangles, polygons, and ellipses. Their underlying grid structure serves as an ideal foundation for the creation of repeated designs. Consequently, they are widely used for textile, wallpaper, tile, or flooring products.…

Gingham

Explore Materials and Sample Gingham is a checkered grid pattern that combines a bold color with white, which originated from a plain weave technique using lightweight to medium fabric made from yarn-dyed cotton or linen. First appearing in the early 20th century, gingham patterns continue to be used in fabrics…

Glen Plaid

Glen plaid refers to a plaid pattern with a woven twill design that features small and large checks. Its name is derived from the valley of Glenurquhart in Inverness-shire, Scotland, where it first originated in the 19th century as a checked woolen fabric. The pattern most often features a crossing…
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