Terms

Results for "wallcovering"

Abstract

Explore Materials and Sample Abstract refers to artworks and designs that do not intend to represent physical realities. Rather, abstraction relies on form, composition, line, color, texture, and gesture to create imagery that either simplifies or repudiates visual reality. Abstraction as an idea was born in the 19th century as…

Acetate

Explore Materials and Sample Acetate is a manufactured cellulose fiber made from wood pulp through a dry spinning process. It can be manufactured as a staple fiber and filament yarn. Acetate staple fiber is commonly used as cigarette filters, while acetate filament yarn is often weaved into satin fabric, which…

Acrylic

Explore Materials and Sample Acrylic fiber is a synthetic fiber made from polyacrylonitrile that was first developed by Dupont in the 1940s and trademarked under the name Orlon. Acrylic fiber is lightweight, durable, and can be extruded in both staple and filament form through wet and dry spinning process. Acrylic…

American National Safety Institute (ANSI)

The American National Safety Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit membership organization that manages and regulates the development of voluntary safety standards for products and systems in the United States. Founded in 1918, ANSI and its members have laid the groundwork for national standardization and assessment frameworks in industries encompassing…

Association for Contract Textiles (ACT)

The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a not-for-profit trade association that represents corporations and individuals that design, produce, sell, and use textiles for commercial interiors. Founded in 1985, the organization has four membership categories: Principals members or textile wholesalers to the interior design industry Associate members or manufacturers of…

ASTM E84 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample ASTM E84 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials The ASTM E84 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the burning properties, or fire resistance, of building materials that may be exposed to flames using the Steiner tunnel chamber…

Bamboo

Explore Materials and Sample Bamboo refers to a manufactured cellulose fiber that is made from bamboo pulp with a solvent spun process. As part of rayon fiber family, bamboo fiber can be produced in filament or staple form. It is not inherently antibacterial. Bamboo is a renewable resource and is…

Basketweave

Basketweave refers to a type of plain weave that creates a checkerboard-like weave pattern. Multiple warp threads interlace with an equal number of weft threads, going over and under, and then in reverse. Compared to flat plain weaves, basketweaves are visually more impactful, particularly when different colors in warp and…

Biodegradation

Biodegradation is the breakdown or decomposition of materials by microorganisms. It refers to the processes that transform materials into less complex compounds that can be used and reused by living systems. Biodegradation is used for waste management and environmental remediation, also known as bioremediation. It is an important process that…

Bleach Cleanable

Explore Materials and Sample Bleach cleanable is a common cleaning instruction for textiles. It usually comes with detailed dilution instructions as well as the applicable bleach type. There are two different types of bleach: chlorine bleach and oxygen bleach or non-chlorine bleach. Chlorine bleach can disinfect, oxidize, and deodorize textiles,…

Blister

Blister is a wood figure that appears short and straight with raised sections. A blister looks similar to a quilt and fiddleback figure, except that it does not appear as oval as quilt or as long as fiddleback. This figuring is a direct result from cutting across uneven growth rings…

Block Print

Explore Materials and Sample Block print is a motif that emerges from manually stamping a fabric by applying dye to a block—typically wood or linoleum—that has been carved into a print. The dye-coated side of the block is then pressed onto the surface of a fabric, in a process that…

Bolt

A bolt is a unit of measurement that counts the number of yards or meters on a single textile roll or bolt. It is an important consideration for furniture manufacturers and fabricators in determining the total material needed for a project. The bolt size most often correlates to the weight…

Botanical

Explore Materials and Sample Botanical is a motif depicting precise illustrations of plants that occasionally includes representations of flowers in bloom, leaves, or stems. As a favored subject in formal framed art, the imagery has also become a widespread design in printed textiles. Photography Courtesy of James Dunlop Textiles…

Braided

Explore Materials and Sample Braiding is a technique that interlaces a minimum of three threads or strips diagonally across to form a narrow band that can be flat or tubular. Braids are most frequently used for trimmings and can also be sewn together to form a larger surface, such as…

Brass

Explore Materials and Sample Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc that can be rosy gold, golden yellow, or silver in color. It is a metal that is durable, malleable, and acoustical. Brass exhibits low friction against other metals, and it is a great conductor of heat. It is…

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, or BREEAM, was the world’s first widely used green building certification system. Developed in the 1990s in the UK by Building Research Establishment (BRE), today BREEAM is used in over 80 countries.1 BREAAM certification demonstrates a building project’s sustainability and its commitment to protecting…

Broken Stripe

Broken stripe refers to a wood figure that looks like stripes running down the veneer, but in a broken or faded pattern. The stripe lines are not consistently visible throughout, allowing for the broken line appearance. It can sometimes appear similar to a ribbon stripe or a broken ribbon.…

Bronze

Bronze is a yellowish-brown metallic alloy that is primarily made of copper and a small percentage of tin and other metals. It is a metal that is ductile, durable, and has low friction with other metals. It can be easily melted down and molded into a variety of end uses…

Buffalo Check

One of several variations on plaid, buffalo check is a fabric pattern composed of horizontal and vertical bands in two contrasting colors, most commonly red and black, which intersect at 90-degree angles to form a grid of large-scale squares. First traced to woven blankets in 19th-century Montana, it was ultimately…

California Prop 65 List

The California Prop 65 List is a public index of naturally occurring and synthetic chemicals that are known to cause cancer and reproductive harm. This list was established by Proposition 65—a law officially known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986—to inform Californians about potential exposure…

Camouflage

Explore Materials and Sample Camouflage refers to a curvy pattern consisting of irregular shapes, which is adapted from the act of blending in with the environment. The pattern mirrors tactics used by animals to blend in with their surroundings, which include concealing coloration, disguise, disruptive coloration, and mimicry. During World…

CAN/ULC-S102 Flammability

Explore Materials and Sample The CAN/ULC-S102 Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies test is the Canadian standard for the relative surface burning characteristics of interior finish materials, products, and assemblies used in building construction. Results obtained from this test are used by code officials in the acceptance of…

CDPH/CHPS 01350

Explore Materials and Sample CDPH (California Department of Public Health) / CHPS (Certified in Healthcare Privacy and Security) Section 01350 is a United States standard that addresses the human health and environmental impacts of building materials used by the architecture and design community. Also known as the Standard Method for…

Cement

Explore Materials and Sample Cement is a binding substance typically used in construction that sets, hardens, and adheres to other materials to bond them together. The material is characterized as hydraulic or non-hydraulic, depending on the ability of the cement to set in the presence of water. Non-hydraulic cement needs dry…

Center

Center is a wood panel matching method. Similar to balance, center match has uniform veneer widths, creating a more consistent and symmetrical appearance. Different from the balance method, center matching requires that the wood grain pattern is centered on the panel, creating a different overall pattern. This method produces veneer…

Certification

A certification provides third-party confirmation that a product, project, process, or system fulfills the requirements of a given standard. Certification programs vary in method or philosophy. They can be divided into multi-attribute and single-attribute programs. A single-attribute certification focuses on just one factor, like water use, energy use, or chemical…

Chevron

Explore Materials and Sample Chevron is a repeating pattern of a continuous V- and inverted V-shaped lines without interruption, resulting in a zig-zag-like appearance. Composed of at least one color, this pattern is often used in the design of flooring and walls, as well as textiles. Photography Courtesy of Walker…

Circular Economy

The Circular Economy is a framework that aims to reduce environmental impacts and generate economic growth by eliminating waste and reusing resources. This model is an alternative to the traditional linear economic system, which presumes the existence and accessibility of unlimited natural resources, and in which a product’s life cycle…

Cluster

Cluster refers to a wood figure that is similar to a burl wood figure but is always grouped together in smaller areas, or clusters. Surrounding the clusters are darker figurings that have a muscle-like appearance.…

Collage

Explore Materials and Sample Collage refers to a motif that emerged from a technique of assembling different forms of the same or varying types of materials such as fabric, paint, paper, and wood to create a new design on a supporting surface, which is held together with glue or another…

Colorfastness to Light ACT Icon

Explore Materials and Sample The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a non-profit trade association that sets up industrial standards related to contract fabrics. Their guidelines specify the testing that is necessary for a textile to be certified depending on its construction and intended use. The lightfastness test is examined…

Compliance

In the building industry, compliance means acting in adherence to a set of regulations, standards, or codes. It indicates that a product, project, or process fulfills all official requirements. Designers, manufacturers, and other professionals may need to demonstrate compliance to internal management, regulators, the government, customers, or independent third parties.…

Concrete

Explore Materials and Sample Concrete is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a cement past that hardens, or cures, over time. It is the most used man-made material on earth. Concrete’s usage worldwide, ton for ton, is twice that of steel, wood, plastics, and…

Concrete Effect

Explore Materials and Sample Concrete effect refers to faux treatments used on materials—such as paint or surfacing—to generate the appearance of actual concrete in color and texture. Photography Courtesy of Adore Floors…

Copper

Explore Materials and Sample Copper is a shiny, reddish metal that is ductile, malleable, and a good conductor of heat and electricity. This metal also has great anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties. Copper is durable, however when it oxidizes—which occurs with exposure to the elements—the metal will patina and begin to…

Cork

Explore Materials and Sample Cork is a natural material sourced from the phellem layer of the cork oak, or Quercus Suber tree. Cork is considered a sustainable material since it comes from a renewable resource and its production involves minimal waste or harm to the tree. It has a closed-cell…

Crackled

Explore Materials and Sample Crackled refers to a patterned motif that depicts tiny cracks on along the surface of a material. Photography Courtesy of Design and Direct Source…

Cradle to Cradle

Explore Materials and Sample Cradle to Cradle (C2C) is a product standard administered by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII) to incentivize environmentally and socially responsible manufacturing practices. Based on the principles outlined in their 2002 book, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, authors William…

Cradle to Cradle Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL)

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Basic Level Restricted Substances List (RSL) is a register of the chemicals that are banned from use in Cradle to Cradle Certified products above certain thresholds. These substances have been found to be harmful or toxic to the environment and human health.1 The RSL was…

Cradle to Cradle Material Health Certificate

The Cradle to Cradle (C2C) Material Health Certificate recognizes products that avoid the use of harmful chemicals or toxic materials, in accordance with Cradle to Cradle’s Certified Product Standard. The C2C product standard is administered by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (C2CPII) to incentivize environmentally and socially responsible…

Cross Dyed

Explore Materials and Sample Cross dyed is a method used to produce multicolor effects in yarns, textiles, or carpets made from more than one kind of fiber. The desired material can be dipped into a single dyebath and obtain varying color effects based on each fiber’s dye affinities. This method…

Crotch

Crotch refers to a wood figure that appears when a cut is made from the joint connecting the tree’s trunk and its branch. It can have a wide range of appearances and usually the veneer leaves are smaller. The juncture connecting the trunk and branch creates an extreme form of…

Crypton Wall

Explore Materials and Sample Crypton Wall is a proprietary finish produced by the company Crypton. The treatment for wallcoverings is used to resist stains, moisture and inhibit the growth of bacteria and odor. Crypton Wall can be applied to flat woven, knits, chenille, and textured fabrics, as well as polyester or polypropylene…

Debossed

Debossed refers to a fabrication process used for applying a recessed dimensional design onto a material. The process requires a die to be created with the desired pattern, which is then applied with pressure—and in some cases heat—to create the sunken effect. This differs from embossing, which creates a raised effect on…

Declaration

A declaration is a report that provides quantified, transparent information about a product’s environmental performance and material ingredients. It can be used by building industry professionals to facilitate comparison with similar products and to help manufacturers qualify for transparency credits in green building rating systems. Declarations can be published as…

Declare Label

Explore Materials and Sample The Declare Label is a transparency initiative by the International Living Future Institute (ILFI) through which industrial manufacturers can opt to disclose their product ingredients. Declare Labels share a product’s key compositional and logistical information with specifiers and consumers, including its manufacturer, assembly location, life expectancy,…

Declared

Explore Materials and Sample Declared refers to a declaration status indicating that a product has disclosed 100 percent of its ingredients present at or above 100ppm (0.01%), while also containing one or more Red List chemicals not listed as an existing exception. It is one of three declaration possibilities—along with…

Digital Print

Explore Materials and Sample Digital print refers to a process of directly printing onto a substrate from a digital resource. The process deposits ink droplets of various colors in a continuous jet or pulse that combine to create the desired colors for a given design. With advancements in ink compositions…

Dimple

Dimple figuring in wood resembles little pockets or shallow holes on the tree bark. When cut, the wood veneer will have ring like shapes that resemble the dimples on the tree bark.…

Distressed

Explore Materials and Sample Distressed refers to a material that has simulated marks of age and wear or has been purposely blemished so as to give the appearance of long, steady use. It can be applied to wood, metal, textile, glass, and stone through many methods such as hammering, denting,…

DNA

Explore Materials and Sample DNA is a proprietary wallcovering substrate—exclusive to fabric and wallcovering specialist Designtex—that promises the same characteristics and functionality as Type II vinyl, but in an environmentally friendly format, which is free of high-emitting chemicals such as polyvinyl chloride or phthalates. Instead, reclaimed wood fibers are fused…

Dot

Explore Materials and Sample A dotted motif refers to a type of geometric pattern consisting of round, solid, and filled-in spots. The pattern can be random or repeated. Photography Courtesy of Designtex…

Dye Lot

A dye lot is a record attributed to all yarn or yardage in a specific dye bath. Yarns and pieces from the same dye lot are understood to have the same coloration and considered to be a match when used throughout a space. Even with consistent dye formulas between dye…

Embossed

Explore Materials and Sample Embossed refers to a fabrication process of applying a raised dimensional design to a material. The process requires both male and female dies to create an offset surface, as opposed to debossing, which involves pressing into the material and only requires one die. Embossing uses both…

End Match

End match refers to a four-panel wood match sequence. The pattern starts with two wood veneers that are book matched, on the vertical, and then joined by two additional book matched veneers that are flipped, on the horizontal, creating an almost mirrored effect between the four panels. The grains are…

Environmental Justice

Environmental Justice is the equitable distribution of environmental burdens and benefits, and of meaningful participation in environmental decision-making. This means that all people have the right to equal protection from environmental and health hazards, and the right to live, work, play, worship, or learn in safe, healthy communities.1 The US…

Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

Explore Materials and Sample An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a registered document that provides information about the environmental impact of a product across its life cycle. Unlike a label or certificate, an EPD is not an endorsement of a product’s environmental impact or its compliance with environmental standards. Rather,…

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an agency of the United States federal government whose mission is to protect human health and the environment. It was established in 1970 to ensure that all Americans have access to clean air, land, and water, and that related federal laws are administered and…

EPA Chemicals of Concern

EPA Chemicals of Concern is a list compiled by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) containing chemical substances found to be harmful or toxic to human health and the environment. This list was published in accordance with a 2016 amendment to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which requires…

Federal Specification CCC-W-408D

Federal Specification CCC-W-408D is a series of standard performance tests established by the General Services Admiration (GSA) to determine the physical properties of vinyl coated wallcoverings. Compliance with this standard—or series of tests—is one of several components used when developing suitable wallcoverings for manufacture, as well as assessing the suitability…

Felt

Explore Materials and Sample Traditional felt is a non-woven fabric that is produced by matting, condensing, and pressing loose fibers in order to form the structure of the fabric. With a loose construction that is subject to tearing, felt products that are used industrially are typically made by heating, shrinking,…

Fiberglass

Explore Materials and Sample Fiberglass is a filament fiber produced with glass. The glass is melted and extruded through fine holes. Fiberglass is lightweight and is often combined with other resins or plastics to increase its strength. It is also resistant to chemicals, light, and heat. Fiberglass is often used…

Flake

Flake wood figuring appears when a wood species has heavy medullary ray growth. Medullary rays are a type of cellular structure found in some species of wood, which grows in a radial pattern perpendicular to the wood’s growth rings. Flake figuring will appear if you cut the wood parallel, or…

Flame

Flame refers to a wood figuring that is caused by a distortion in the wood fiber, which creates a wavy or flame-like lines. It is similar to fiddleback and curly wood figuring, but with more straight lines instead of a curled pattern. Flame figuring is commonly found in the maple…

Flammability ACT Icon

Explore Materials and Sample The Association for Contract Textiles (ACT) is a non-profit trade association that sets up industrial standards related to contract fabrics. Their guidelines specify the tests that are necessary for a textile to be certified depending on its construction and intended use. The flammability test examines how…

Floral

Explore Materials and Sample Floral refers to a motif that incorporates figurative elements of flowers such as blossoms and leaves. These can be arranged in an organic or geometric manner, and the pattern can be realistic or abstracted. Broader interpretations of the term floral may include any type of botanical…

Fluorescent

Fluorescent refers to a pigment that converts wavelengths outside the visible spectrum—such as ultraviolet light—into visible light, resulting in brilliant hues, as well as glowing effects. When fluorescent pigments are no longer exposed to this stimulant, they will stop fluorescing immediately, unlike phosphorescence, which will continue to fluoresce after the…

FMVSS 302

Explore Materials and Sample The FMVSS 302 test is a standard of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) for evaluating flammability of materials as conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, a faction of the U.S. Department of Transportation). Results obtained from this test are used by…

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC Certified)

Explore Materials and Sample The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is a German-based, international non-profit organization and certification framework working to promote responsible forest management. The FSC uses independent, third-party accredited certifiers to appraise operations and determine whether they comply to institutional standards. Two certification tracks are available: Forest Management Certification…

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a volatile organic chemical (VOC) used as a preservative, disinfectant, and binding agent in the building industry.1 ­It has been designated as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization and California’s Proposition 65, and a Hazardous Air Pollutant by the US Environmental Protection Agency. It is a key…

Geometric

Explore Materials and Sample Geometric refers to patterns that incorporate shapes found in geometry such as lines, circles, rectangles, triangles, polygons, and ellipses. Their underlying grid structure serves as an ideal foundation for the creation of repeated designs. Consequently, they are widely used for textile, wallpaper, tile, or flooring products.…

Ghost

Ghost refers to wood figuring that is commonly found in the maple species when a tree is infested with the ambrosia beetle. A fungus grows from the remains of the beetle larva and breaks down the wood into a compound for the larva to eat. When the tree is cut,…

Glen Plaid

Glen plaid refers to a plaid pattern with a woven twill design that features small and large checks. Its name is derived from the valley of Glenurquhart in Inverness-shire, Scotland, where it first originated in the 19th century as a checked woolen fabric. The pattern most often features a crossing…

Global Warming Potential

The Global Warming Potential (GWP) is a unit of measurement developed to compare the atmospheric global warming impacts of gases. It tells us how long a gas remains in the atmosphere, and how much energy it absorbs over a given time period, relative to 1 ton of carbon dioxide (CO2).…

Granulated Cork

Explore Materials and Sample Granulated cork, also known as crumb cork, ground cork, and agglomerated cork, is a natural material made from the renewable bark of a cork oak tree. Often repurposed from scrap or recycled material, such as the cork that can’t be used in the manufacturing of cork…

Graph Check

One of several variations on plaid, graph check is a fabric pattern consisting of horizontal and vertical lines in a single color that intersect at 90-degree angles to form a grid of evenly spaced squares. Named for its resemblance to graph paper, the pattern was first utilized by menswear designers…

Gravure Print

Gravure print refers to a machine printing process that provides designers with the opportunity to achieve a complete, continuous color deposit ranging from 100-percent full tone down to an approximately five percent tone. The printing is accomplished through small cells or ink reservoirs that are engraved into the surface of…

GREENGUARD

Explore Materials and Sample The GREENGUARD Certification Program—previously known as the GREENGUARD Indoor Air Quality Certification—recognizes products and processes that meet standards for safe levels of chemical and particle emissions in indoor spaces. GREENGUARD is a third-party assessment program created by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Environment to support manufacturers in producing…

GREENGUARD Gold

Explore Materials and Sample GREENGUARD is a third-party assessment program created by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Environment to support manufacturers in producing safe products designed for indoor spaces, in accordance with strict VOC emissions standards. GREENGUARD Gold is even more rigorous, permitting no more than 1/100 of currently published ACGIH Threshold…

Gun Club Check

One of several variations on plaid, gun club check is a fabric pattern of crisscrossed checks, traditionally in four colors: black, red-brown, light gold, and pine green. Alternating colors of twilled bands run in one direction, while intersecting with either a duplicate pattern of intersecting bands, or a single-color twilled…

Half Drop

Half drop refers to a pattern that shifts at half the length of the pattern or motif on a fabric or wallcovering. The pattern or motif repeats on the vertical line, and then drops exactly half of the vertical repeat along the horizontal line, giving the material a staggered appearance…

Harlequin

Harlequin refers to a geometric pattern of contrasting diamonds or elongated squares. The shapes are typically presented in a variety of different, bright colors.…

Hawaiian

Explore Materials and Sample Hawaiian refers to a motif that symbolizes cultural patterns inspired from Hawaii. These motifs usually reflect the island’s nature and include imagery of flowers, the ocean, and pineapples.…

Health Product Declaration (HPD)

Explore Materials and Sample A Health Product Declaration (HPD) is a standardized report that is used to disclose the contents of building materials, as well as their possible human health effects and hazards. HPDs are overseen by the Health Product Declaration Collaborative (HPDC), a non-profit organization with members from across…

Heavy Metals

Heavy metals are naturally occurring elements with high densities relative to water, which are toxic at low concentrations.1 They are part of an ill-defined subset of elements with metallic properties, usually categorized as metals or metalloids.2 In trace amounts, many of these elements are necessary to sustain life, but when…

Houndstooth

Explore Materials and Sample Houndstooth is a two-toned textile design consisting of a ground of broken checks, with notched corners resembling the canine teeth for which it was named. Originally popularized during the 1930s in wool-tweed jackets and suits—primarily in combinations of black and white—the pattern has since broadened to…

IIC Rating

IIC, or Impact Insulation Class, is an acoustical rating that measures the sound insulation and transmission of impact noise, such as vibrations or footsteps, on a floor-ceiling assembly. The IIC rating of a floor product is expressed using whole numbers and is based on the entire assembly on which it…

Ikat

Explore Materials and Sample Ikat is an ancient Indonesian motif that emerged from resist-dyeing techniques, in which patterns are created by binding individual yarns with a tight wrapping. The yarns are then dyed and subsequently woven into fabric. Different from tie-dye and batik, in which the resist is applied to…

Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the quality of air in and around buildings, as it affects human health and safety. Pollutants released into indoor air can cause adverse short- and long-term health effects. These effects have a disproportionate impact on at-risk populations like children, the elderly, asthmatics, low-income, minorities,…

Inkblot

Explore Materials and Sample Inkblot is an abstract pattern that emerged from applying ink or other types of pigment to paper, folding its painted side in half, and then opening it to reveal a mirror-image effect. Made famous by the Rorschach psychological test that was designed to analyze personality traits,…

International Living Future Institute

The International Living Future Institute (ILFI), established in 2009 by members of the Cascadia Green Building Council, is a non-profit advocating for a socially just, culturally rich, and ecologically restorative society. As the umbrella organization tasked with managing the Living Building Challenge, the Living Product Challenge, the Living Community Challenge,…

Knots

Explore Materials and Sample Knots on a tree are formed when branches—which are often smaller in size and located lower on the trunk—either break off or are cut off, and the outer layer or bark of the tree grows around or over the broken area. When the tree is cut,…

Latex

Explore Materials and Sample Latex is an emulsion polymer produced from natural or synthetic materials. Natural latex is most commonly made from the soft white substance beneath the bark of a mature rubber tree while synthetic latex is made from petroleum-based chemicals. Both types of latex go through various processes…

Lattice

Lattice refers to a geometric, crisscross pattern that depicts an open framework inspired by overlapping metal or wooden slats with square-shaped or diamond-shaped holes. Photography Courtesy of Maya Romanoff…

Lava Stone

Lava stone forms when molten lava is exposed to intense heat and pressure, causing it to solidify into stone. The lava cools slowly and with less pressure, as compared to basalt which is formed when lava cools quickly and under high pressure. This slow cooling process gives lava stone a…

LBC Red List Approved (formerly LBC Compliant)

Explore Materials and Sample Living Building Challenge (LBC) Red List Approved is a status indicating that a product is in compliance with the requirements of the LBC Challenge, but that compliance is dependent on one or more exceptions. It is one of three declaration possibilities (Red List Free and Declared…

LBC Red List Free

Explore Materials and Sample Living Building Challenge (LBC) Red List Free is a status indicating that a product contains none of the harmful chemicals listed on the Red List. It is one of three declaration possibilities—Red List Approved and Declared are the other two—on the International Living Future Institute’s (ILFI)…

Leather Effect

Explore Materials and Sample Leather effect refers to faux treatments in materials such as fabrics, surfaces, and wallcoverings that simulate the sheen or texture of natural leather. Photography Courtesy of Bernhardt Textiles…
Next Page »