The ASTM D3884 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures a coated fabric’s ability to withstand abrasion using the rotary platform method with two abraders. Abrasion resistance testing is one of several components used when assessing the durability and potential lifespan of a textile for upholstery use.
The scope of testing involves mounting a test specimen flatly on a turntable-style platform. Two weighted abrader wheels are lowered so that each touches the surface of the specimen. The turntable and specimen are set to spin at a fixed speed, forcing the abrader wheels to roll over the surface of the specimen. After a set number of revolutions or cycles, the specimen is checked and rated for visual wear through the surface coating caused by the friction of the abrader wheels.