The ASTM D4060 test is a standard of the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) that measures the abrasion resistance of coatings applied to a rigid surface, such as paints, varnishes, stains, and other coatings.
The scope of testing involves mounting a test specimen flatly on a turntable-style platform. Two weighted abrader wheels are lowered so that each one touches the surface of the specimen. The turntable and specimen are set to spin at a fixed speed, forcing the abrader wheels to roll over the surface of the specimen. After a set number of revolutions or cycles, the specimen is checked and rated for visual wear through the surface coating caused by the friction of the abrader wheels.