Cut pile is a type of carpet constructed of loop yarns that have been cut in half or sheared. Common cut pile styles include Saxony, with well-defined piles that stand straight up; frieze, featuring fibers that are highly twisted to enable the material to curl in different directions for a textured look; and shag, which has long fibers, often with a high twist, a lower pile density, and longer yarns that cover the carpet’s backing.
Yates, Marypaul, and Adrienne Concra. Textiles for Residential and Commercial Interiors. 2019.