An epingle is a woven pile textile with a very durable surface. Both loop and cut pile are seen in this fabric, and this is what gives the end product its texture. Epingles are traditionally woven on special looms that insert a horizontal rod into the weft around which the pile yarn is wrapped. However, they are most commonly produced on a jacquard machine. When the rod is removed a loop remains, creating a sturdy, thick surface. Epingles are woven from natural fibers and used as upholstery textiles. Because they are extremely durable, they are suitable for use in heavy-use public seating areas, such as auditoriums and theaters.