Latex is an emulsion polymer produced from natural or synthetic materials. Natural latex is most commonly made from the soft white substance beneath the bark of a mature rubber tree while synthetic latex is made from petroleum-based chemicals. Both types of latex go through various processes like vulcanization, which helps strengthen and stabilize the material, to create the final end product. Latex is a very resilient material, known for its elasticity, tensile strength, elongation abilities, and tear resistance. It is used in a myriad of applications including but not limited to medical supplies, household goods, paint, glues, foams, cement additives, and protective films and coatings. In textiles, latex is often used as a binder or backing in upholstery and carpet to improve stability, durability, chemical resistance, water repellence, and flame retardance.